Egbert III (Ecgberht), Bretwalda, Vestseaxna Cyning, King of Wessex

Egbert III (Ecgberht), Bretwalda, Vestseaxna Cyning, King of Wessex

Mannelijk ca. 771 - 838  (~ 67 jaar)

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  • Naam Egbert III (Ecgberht)  
    Achtervoegsel Bretwalda, Vestseaxna Cyning, King of Wessex 
    Geboren ca. 771  Wessex, England, United Kingdom Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Geslacht Mannelijk 
    789  Aachen, NRW, Deutschland Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Cynewulf was murdered in 786. His succession was contested by Ecgberht, but he was defeated by Beorhtric, maybe with Offa's assistance.[16][17] The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that Ecgberht spent three years in Francia before he was king, exiled by Beorhtric and Offa. The text says "iii" for three, but this may have been a scribal error, with the correct reading being "xiii", that is, thirteen years. Beorhtric's reign lasted sixteen years, and not thirteen; and all extant texts of the Chronicle agree on "iii", but many modern accounts assume that Ecgberht did indeed spend thirteen years in Francia 
    802  Winchester, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Beorhtric died in 802, and Ecgberht came to the throne of Wessex, probably with the support of Charlemagne and perhaps also the papacy. 
    815  Cornwall, England, United Kingdom Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    In 815 the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that Ecgberht ravaged the whole of the territories of the remaining British kingdom, Dumnonia, known to the author of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle as the West Welsh; their territory was about equivalent to what is now Cornwall 
    823  Cornwall, England, United Kingdom Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    a charter indicates that Ecgberht was campaigning in Dumnonia again; this may have been related to a battle recorded in the Chronicle at Gafulford in 823, between the men of Devon and the Britons of Cornwall 
    825  Wroughton, Wiltshire, England, United Kingdom Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Battle of Ellandun
    one of the most important battles in Anglo-Saxon history took place, when Ecgberht defeated Beornwulf of Mercia at Ellandun—now Wroughton, near Swindon. This battle marked the end of the Mercian domination of southern England 
    829  London, England, United Kingdom Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    In 829 Ecgberht invaded Mercia and drove Wiglaf, the king of Mercia, into exile. This victory gave Ecgberht control of the London Mint, and he issued coins as King of Mercia.[25] It was after this victory that the West Saxon scribe described him as a bretwalda, meaning 'wide-ruler' or perhaps 'Britain-ruler', in a famous passage in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 
    nov 829  Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Later in 829, according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Ecgberht received the submission of the Northumbrians at Dore (now a suburb of Sheffield); the Northumbrian king was probably Eanred.[33] According to a later chronicler, Roger of Wendover, Ecgberht invaded Northumbria and plundered it 
    830  Wales, United Kingdom Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Ecgberht led a successful expedition against the Welsh, almost certainly with the intent of extending West Saxon influence into the Welsh lands previously within the Mercian orbit. This marked the high point of Ecgberht's influence 
    836  Carhampton, Somerset, England, United Kingdom Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Defeated in 836 at Carhampton by the Danes 
    838  Gunnislake (Dowrgonna), Cornwall, England, United Kingdom Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Battle of Hingston Down

    won a battle against Danes and their allies the West Welsh at the Battle of Hingston Down in Cornwall 
    Overleden 19 nov 838  Wessex, England, United Kingdom Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Begraven Winchester Cathedral, Winchester, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Patriarch & Matriarch
    Elasius,   geb. vóór 440  (10 x Overgrootvader) 
    Persoon-ID I7529  Spinder
    Laatst gewijzigd op 1 feb 2020 

    Vader Ealhmund, King of Kent 
    Gezins-ID F4862  Gezinsblad  |  Familiekaart

    Gezin Redburga of Franconia, Queen Consort of Wessex 
    Kinderen 
    +1. Æthelwulf, King of Wessex,   geb. ca. 795, Aachen, NRW, Deutschland Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. 13 jan 858, Kent, England, United Kingdom Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd ~ 63 jaar)
    Osburga, Queen Consort of Wessex  getr. 839;   Judith de France  getr. 1 okt 856
    Laatst gewijzigd op 16 sep 2014 
    Gezins-ID F2430  Gezinsblad  |  Familiekaart

  • Gebeurteniskaart
    Link naar Google MapsGeboren - ca. 771 - Wessex, England, United Kingdom Link naar Google Earth
    Link naar Google Maps - Cynewulf was murdered in 786. His succession was contested by Ecgberht, but he was defeated by Beorhtric, maybe with Offa's assistance.[16][17] The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that Ecgberht spent three years in Francia before he was king, exiled by Beorhtric and Offa. The text says "iii" for three, but this may have been a scribal error, with the correct reading being "xiii", that is, thirteen years. Beorhtric's reign lasted sixteen years, and not thirteen; and all extant texts of the Chronicle agree on "iii", but many modern accounts assume that Ecgberht did indeed spend thirteen years in Francia - 789 - Aachen, NRW, Deutschland Link naar Google Earth
    Link naar Google Maps - Beorhtric died in 802, and Ecgberht came to the throne of Wessex, probably with the support of Charlemagne and perhaps also the papacy. - 802 - Winchester, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom Link naar Google Earth
    Link naar Google Maps - In 815 the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that Ecgberht ravaged the whole of the territories of the remaining British kingdom, Dumnonia, known to the author of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle as the West Welsh; their territory was about equivalent to what is now Cornwall - 815 - Cornwall, England, United Kingdom Link naar Google Earth
    Link naar Google Maps - a charter indicates that Ecgberht was campaigning in Dumnonia again; this may have been related to a battle recorded in the Chronicle at Gafulford in 823, between the men of Devon and the Britons of Cornwall - 823 - Cornwall, England, United Kingdom Link naar Google Earth
    Link naar Google Maps - Battle of Ellandun one of the most important battles in Anglo-Saxon history took place, when Ecgberht defeated Beornwulf of Mercia at Ellandun—now Wroughton, near Swindon. This battle marked the end of the Mercian domination of southern England - 825 - Wroughton, Wiltshire, England, United Kingdom Link naar Google Earth
    Link naar Google Maps - In 829 Ecgberht invaded Mercia and drove Wiglaf, the king of Mercia, into exile. This victory gave Ecgberht control of the London Mint, and he issued coins as King of Mercia.[25] It was after this victory that the West Saxon scribe described him as a bretwalda, meaning 'wide-ruler' or perhaps 'Britain-ruler', in a famous passage in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle - 829 - London, England, United Kingdom Link naar Google Earth
    Link naar Google Maps - Later in 829, according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Ecgberht received the submission of the Northumbrians at Dore (now a suburb of Sheffield); the Northumbrian king was probably Eanred.[33] According to a later chronicler, Roger of Wendover, Ecgberht invaded Northumbria and plundered it - nov 829 - Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom Link naar Google Earth
    Link naar Google Maps - Ecgberht led a successful expedition against the Welsh, almost certainly with the intent of extending West Saxon influence into the Welsh lands previously within the Mercian orbit. This marked the high point of Ecgberht's influence - 830 - Wales, United Kingdom Link naar Google Earth
    Link naar Google Maps - Defeated in 836 at Carhampton by the Danes - 836 - Carhampton, Somerset, England, United Kingdom Link naar Google Earth
    Link naar Google Maps - Battle of Hingston Down won a battle against Danes and their allies the West Welsh at the Battle of Hingston Down in Cornwall - 838 - Gunnislake (Dowrgonna), Cornwall, England, United Kingdom Link naar Google Earth
    Link naar Google MapsOverleden - 19 nov 838 - Wessex, England, United Kingdom Link naar Google Earth
    Link naar Google MapsBegraven - - Winchester Cathedral, Winchester, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom Link naar Google Earth
     = Link naar Google Earth 
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  • Documenten
    Ecgberht's name, spelled Ecgbriht, from the 827 entry in the C manuscript of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
    Ecgberht's name, spelled Ecgbriht, from the 827 entry in the C manuscript of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

  • Aantekeningen 


    • Egbert of Wessex (also spelled Ecgberht, Ecgbert or Ecgbriht; 769 or 771 ? 839) was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. His father was Ealhmund of Kent. In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned and took the throne.

      Little is known of the first 20 years of Egbert's reign, but it is thought that he was able to maintain Wessex's independence against the kingdom of Mercia, which at that time dominated the other southern English kingdoms. In 825 Egbert defeated Beornwulf of Mercia and ended Mercia's supremacy at the Battle of Ellandun, and proceeded to take control of the Mercian dependencies in southeastern England. In 829 Egbert defeated Wiglaf of Mercia and drove him out of his kingdom, temporarily ruling Mercia directly. Later that year Egbert received the submission of the Northumbrian king at Dore. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle subsequently described Egbert as a bretwalda, or "Ruler of Britain".

      Egbert was unable to maintain this dominant position, and within a year Wiglaf regained the throne of Mercia. However, Wessex did retain control of Kent, Sussex and Surrey; these territories were given to Egbert's son