Sophia Phokaina

Vrouwelijk 930 -


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  • Naam Sophia Phokaina 
    Geboren 930  Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Geslacht Vrouwelijk 
    Overleden Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Patriarch & Matriarch
    Hmyayeak Mamikonian, Nobleman,   geb. ca. 690, T Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. 778, T Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd ~ 88 jaar)  (4 x Overgrootvader) 
    Anastaso Adralestina,   geb. ca. 870, Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Grootmoeder) 
    Persoon-ID I7542  Spinder
    Laatst gewijzigd op 18 sep 2014 

    Vader Bardas 'the Elder' Phokas,   geb. ca. 878, Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. 968, Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd ~ 90 jaar) 
    Moeder Maleina,   geb. ca. 925, Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Getrouwd 905 
    Gezins-ID F2438  Gezinsblad  |  Familiekaart

    Gezin Konstantinos Skleros,   geb. ca. 930, Didimoticho, Evros, Makedonia Thraki, Greece Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. 11 mrt 991, Didimoticho, Evros, Makedonia Thraki, Greece Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd ~ 61 jaar) 
    Kinderen 
    +1. Theophania Skleraina,   geb. 956, Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. 15 jun 991, Nijmegen, Nijmegen, Gelderland, Nederland Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd 35 jaar)
    Laatst gewijzigd op 18 sep 2014 
    Gezins-ID F2437  Gezinsblad  |  Familiekaart

  • Gebeurteniskaart
    Link naar Google MapsGeboren - 930 - Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey Link naar Google Earth
    Link naar Google MapsOverleden - - Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey Link naar Google Earth
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  • Aantekeningen 


    • http://genealogiequebec.info/en/testphp/info.php?no=101441 -------------------- Phokas (Byzantine family)

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      Phokas or Phocas (Greek: ?????), feminine form Phokaina (Greek: ???????), was the name of a Byzantine aristocratic clan from Cappadocia, which in the 9th and 10th centuries provided a series of high-ranking generals and an emperor, Nikephoros II Phokas (r. 963?969). Its members and their clients monopolized the high command positions of the Byzantine army for much of the 10th century and led the successful Byzantine offensive against the Arabs in the East. As one of the leading families of the Anatolian military aristocracy, the Phokades were also involved in a series of rebellions that laid claim to power and challenged the emperors at Constantinople. Their power was eventually broken by Basil II (r. 976?1025), and the family declined in importance after the 11th century.

      Contents

      [hide] 1 History 1.1 Origin and early members

      1.2 Apex of power and fall 1.3 Later members of the family

      2 Family tree, 9th?11th centuries 3 References 4 Sources

      History[edit]

      Origin and early members[edit]

      According to Michael Attaleiates, the family descended from the ancient Roman gens Fabia, while Ali ibn al-Athir ascribed them an Arab origin from Tarsos. These theories, however, are a later invention. Whatever their origins, the Phokades appear to have settled in Cappadocia, where their estates were concentrated and which is clearly attested as their power base and the center of their activities.[1][2] Various authors have speculated on an Armenian or Georgian origin,[2][3] partly to account for the frequent presence of the name "Bardas" among the family members, but none of these hypotheses can be conclusively proven.[4][5]

      The blinding of Leo Phokas.

      The first attested member of the family was a soldier, probably of humble origin, who was appointed tourmarches in 872. His son, Nikephoros Phokas the Elder, became a distinguished general, scoring several victories against the Arabs, especially in southern Italy, and reaching the position of Domestic of the Schools.[2][4][6] His son, Leo Phokas the Elder, was also Domestic of the Schools, but was defeated by the Bulgarian tsar Symeon (r. 893?927), and later unsuccessfully opposed the rise of Romanos Lekapenos to the throne in 919, being captured and blinded. His brother, Bardas Phokas the Elder, already active as a general, fell in disgrace for a time, but by the time of Lekapenos's fall in 944, he was a patrikios and a high-ranking general.[4][7]

      Apex of power and fall[edit]

      After the fall of the Lekapenoi clan, Constantine VII appointed Bardas as Domestic of the Schools, while his sons Nikephoros, Leo, and Constantine were placed as strategoi of the themes of Anatolikon, Cappadocia, and Seleukeia respectively.[8][9] These appointments heralded a period of over twenty years when the Phokades and their clients monopolized the Byzantine army's leadership. During this period, the Phokas clan was closely allied with the Maleinoi, a rich and powerful family from Charsianon, through the marriage of Bardas to a Maleinos lady. Other families that were closely aligned with and often related to them through marriage were the Adralestoi, Skleroi, Kourkouai, Parsakountenoi, Balantai, and Botaneiatai.[10]

      Entry of Nikephoros Phokas (r. 963-969) into Constantinople as emperor, from the Madrid Skylitzes.

      Bardas himself, already in his mid-sixties when named commander-in-chief, proved a mediocre general, suffering a string of defeats at the hands of Sayf al-Dawla. One of them, in 953, even left his son Constantine Phokas captive in Dawla's hands. Finally, in 955, Bardas was replaced by his son Nikephoros. With the aid of Leo, who had already established himself through victories of his own, and his nephew John Tzimiskes, Nikephoros achieved a series of successes, recovering Crete and Cyprus and repeatedly defeating Sayf al-Dawla's forces.[9][11] With the sudden death of Romanos II in 963, the popular and powerful Nikephoros seized the throne, becoming senior emperor and guardian over the young sons of Romanos, Basil II, and Constantine VIII. His father Bardas was named Caesar, and his brother Leo became kouropalates and logothetes tou dromou. As emperor, Nikephoros continued his campaigns in the East, conquering Cilicia and northwestern Syria.[4][12]

      Nikephoros's regime, however, quickly became unpopular, both due to his focus on military affairs to the detriment of the economy and for his religious policies. In December 969, he was murdered by a group of disaffected generals led by his nephew and one-time prot