Mathilde von Sachsen, Prinzessin des Heiligen R

Vrouwelijk 979 - 1025  (~ 46 jaar)


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Generatie: 1

  1. 1.  Mathilde von Sachsen, Prinzessin des Heiligen R was born in jun 979 in Sachsen, Deutschland (dochter van Otto von Sachsen, Otto II, Kaiser des Heiligen R en Theophania Skleraina); stierf on 4 nov 1025inEsch, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland; was begraven inBrauweiler, Pulheim, NRW, Deutschland.

    Mathilde getrouwd Ezzo (Ehrenfried) von Schwaben, Ehrenfried I, Pfalzgraf von Lotharingen. Ezzo (zoon van Hermann "Pusillus" von Eifelgau, Pfalzgraf von Lothringen en Hedwig van Bliesgau) was born circa 955 in Duisburg, NRW, Deutschland; stierf on 21 mrt 1034inSaalfeld an der Saale, Saalfeld-Rudolstadt, Th; was begraven inBrauweiler, Pulheim, NRW, Deutschland. [Gezinsblad]

    Kinderen:
    1. Ludolph von Lothringen, Graaf van Zutphen was born circa 990 in Zutphen, Zutphen, Gelderland, Nederland; stierf on 11 apr 1031inZutphen, Zutphen, Gelderland, Nederland.
    2. Rycheza Ezzonen von Lotharingen, Queen of Poland was born circa 995 in Lorraine, France; stierf on 21 mrt 1063in Saalfeld an der Saale, Saalfeld-Rudolstadt, Th; was begraven inK.

Generatie: 2

  1. 2.  Otto von Sachsen, Otto II, Kaiser des Heiligen ROtto von Sachsen, Otto II, Kaiser des Heiligen R was born in 955 in Sachsen, Deutschland (zoon van Otto "der Grosse" von Sachsen, Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches en Adelheid (Adelaide) de Bourgogne); stierf on 7 dec 983inRoma, Italia; was begraven inSaint Peter's Basilica, Sankt Peter, Freiburg, Baden-W.

    Aantekeningen:

    Otto II (955 ? December 7, 983), called the Red (Rufus), was Holy Roman Emperor from 973 until his death in 983. A member of the Ottonian dynasty, Otto II was the youngest and sole surviving son of Otto the Great and Adelaide of Italy.

    Otto II was made joint-ruler of Germany in 961, at an early age, and his father named him co-Emperor in 967 to secure his succession to the throne. His father also arranged for Otto II to marry the Byzantine Princess Theophanu, who would be his wife until his death. When his father died after a 37-year reign, the eighteen-year old Otto II became absolute ruler of the Holy Roman Empire in a peaceful succession. Otto II spent his reign continuing his father's policy of strengthening Imperial rule in Germany and extending the borders of the Empire deeper into southern Italy. Otto II also continued the work of Otto I in subordinating the Catholic Church to Imperial control.

    Early in his reign, Otto II defeated a major revolt against his rule from other members of the Ottonian dynasty who claimed the throne for themselves. His victory allowed him to exclude the Bavarian line of Ottonians from the line of Imperial succession. This strengthened his authority as Emperor and secured the succession of his own son to the Imperial throne.

    With domestic affairs settled, Otto II would focus his attention from 980 onward to annexing the whole of Italy into the Empire. His conquests brought him into conflict with the Byzantine Empire and with the Muslims of the Fatimid Caliphate, who both held territories in southern Italy. After initial successes in unifying the southern Lombard principalities under his authority and in conquering Byzantine-controlled territory, Otto II's campaigns in southern Italy ended in 982 following a disastrous defeat by the Muslims. While he was preparing to counterattack Muslim forces, a major uprising by the Slavs broke out in 983, forcing the Empire to abandon its major territorial holdings east of the Elbe river.

    Otto II died suddenly in 983 at the age of 28 after a ten-year reign. He was succeeded as Emperor by his three-year old son Otto III, plunging the Empire into a political crisis.
    Birth and youth

    Otto II was born in 955, the third son of the King of Germany Otto I and his second wife Adelaide of Italy. By 957, Otto II's older brothers Henry (born 952) and Bruno (born 953) had died, as well as Otto I's son from his first wife Eadgyth, the Crown Prince Liudolf, Duke of Swabia. With his older brothers dead, the two-year old Otto II's became the Kingdom's crown prince and Otto I's heir apparent. Otto I entrusted his illegitimate son, Archbishop William of Mainz, with Otto II's literary and cultural education. Margrave Odo, commander of the Eastern March, taught the young crown prince the art of war and the kingdom's legal customs.

    Needing to put his affairs in order prior to his descent into Italy, Otto I summoned a Diet at Worms and had Otto II elected, at the age of six, co-regent in May 961. Otto II was later crowned by his uncle Bruno the Great, Archbishop of Cologne, at Aachen Cathedral on May 26, 961. While Otto I had secured succession of the throne, he had violated the Kingdom's unwritten law that succession rights could only be granted to a child who has reached the age of majority. He was likely motivated by the high-risk associated with his expedition into Italy to claim the Imperial title from the Pope. Otto I crossed the Alps into Italy, while Otto II remained in Germany, and the two Archbishops, Bruno and William, were appointed as his regents. After three and a half year absence in Italy, Otto I returned to Germany early in 965 as Holy Roman Emperor. In order to give the hope of dynastic continuity after his death, Otto I again confirmed Otto II as his heir on February 2, 965, the third anniversary of Otto I's coronation as Emperor.
    Heir apparent

    Though Otto I was crowned Emperor in 962 and returned to Germany in 965, the political situation in Italy remained unstable. After almost two years in Germany, Otto I made a third expedition to Italy in 966. Bruno was again appointed regent over the eleven-year old Otto II during Otto I's absence.

    With his power over northern and central Italy secured, Otto I sought to clarify his relationship with the Byzantine Empire in the East. The Byzantine Emperor objected to Otto's use of the title "Emperor". The situation between East and West was finally resolved to share sovereignty over southern Italy. Otto I sought a marriage alliance between his Imperial house and the Eastern Macedonian dynasty. A prerequisite for the marriage alliance was the coronation of Otto II as Co-Emperor. Otto I then sent word for Otto II to join him in Italy. In October 967, father and son met in Verona and together marched through Ravenna to Rome. On December 25, 967, Otto II was crowned Co-Emperor by Pope John XIII, securing Otto II's succession to the Imperial crown following his father's death.

    Otto II's coronation allowed marriage negotiations to begin with the East. Only in 972, six years later, under the new Byzantine Emperor John I Tzimiskes, was a marriage and peace agreement concluded, however. Though Otto I preferred Byzantine Princess Anna Porphyrogenita, daughter of former Byzantine Emperor Romanos II, as she was born in the purple, her age (then only five years old) prevented serious consideration by the East. The choice of Emperor John I Tzimisces was his niece Theophanu, who was the soldier-emperor's niece by marriage. On April 14, 972, the sixteen-year old Otto II was married to the twelve-year old Eastern princess, and Theophanu was crowned empress by the Pope.

    Even after his coronation, Otto II remained in the shadow of his overbearing father. Though the nominal co-ruler of the Empire, he was denied any role in its administration. Unlike his earlier son Liudolf, whom Otto I named Duke of Swabia in 950, Otto II was granted no area of responsibility. Otto II was confined primarily to northern Italy during his father's time south of the Alps. After five years away, the Imperial family returned to Saxony in August 972.

    On May 7, 973, Otto died of fever, and Otto II succeeded his father as sole Emperor without meeting any opposition. Otto II spent his reign continuing his father's policy of strengthening Imperial rule in Germany and extending it deeper into Italy.
    Reign as emperor
    Coronation and domestic strife

    When Otto the Great died, the smooth succession to the imperial throne of Otto II had long been guaranteed. Otto II had been king of Germany for twelve years and Emperor for five at the time of Otto the Great's death. Unlike his father, Otto II did not have any brothers to contest his claims to the throne. On May 8, the nobles of the Empire assembled before Otto II and, according to the Saxon Chronicler Widukind of Corvey, "elected" Otto II as his father's successor. One of Otto II's first acts was to confirm the rights and possessions of the Archbishop of Magdeburg. Although Otto II had succeeded peacefully to the throne, internal divisions of power still remained unaddressed. During his first seven years as Emperor, he was constantly occupied with maintaining Imperial power against internal rivals and external enemies. The domestic problems Otto the Great faced between 963 and 972 had not been resolved by his death. The Saxon nobility continued to resist the Archdiocese of Magdeburg located along the Empire's eastern border. Though established by Otto I, the exact details of the diocese's boundaries were left to Otto II and his aides. Otto II's marriage to the Byzantine Princess Theophanu proved to be to his disadvantage because the Saxon nobles felt it distanced the Emperor from their interests. Among Otto II's chief advisors, only the Saxon Bishop Dietrich I of Metz had close connections with the old Saxon nobility. His other advisers lacked support from the Empire's various Dukes. The Archbishop of Mainz Willigis, appointed in 975, who had been with Otto II's advisor since Otto the Great's second expedition into Italy in the 960s, had not been born from a noble family. Hildebald of Worms, who had been appointed as Otto II's Chancellor in 977 and then as Bishop of Worms in 979, was also not from a noble family. Otto the Great also failed to clarify affairs in Italy prior to his death. Otto died soon after the appointment of Pope Benedict VI in 973. In 974 Benedict was imprisoned in the Castel Sant'Angelo, the stronghold of the Crescentii family. When Otto II sent an imperial representative, Count Sicco, to secure his release, Crescentius I and Cardinal-Deacon Franco Ferrucci, who would subsequently become Boniface VII, an antipope, had Benedict murdered while still in prison.[4] Following his coronation, a rift developed between Otto II and his mother, the Dowager Empress Adelaide of Italy. From the death of Otto the Great until Easter 974, Adelaide accompanied the Emperor at all times, traveling throughout the Empire with him. However, Otto II's mother and his wife Theophano each distrusted the influence the other held over the Emperor, causing friction within the Imperial household. A final meeting between Otto II and Adelaide was arranged shortly before Pentecost in 978, but a peaceful outcome was not achieved, forcing Adelaide to retire to Burgundy and to the protection of her brother King Conrad of Burgundy.
    Conflict with Henry II

    Otto II sought continued peace between himself and the descendants of his uncle Henry I, Duke of Bavaria. To ensure domestic tranquillity, Otto II, on June 27, 973, granted his cousin, Henry II, Duke of Bavaria, control over the imperial castles in Bamberg and Stegaurach. This was not enough for the young Bavarian Duke, who wished to extend his influence in the Duchy of Swabia as his father had under Otto the Great. The death of Bishop Ulrich of Augsburg on July 4, 973, brought the conflict between the cousins to a head. Without consulting Otto II, Henry II named his cousin Henry as the new Bishop of Augsburg. Augsburg was located on the western side of the Swabian-Bavarian boarder, the territory of Henry II's brother-in-law Burchard III, Duke of Swabia. Henry's actions in naming a bishop in a duchy not his own and without Imperial direction brought him into conflict with both Otto II and Burchard III. Not desiring civil war, Otto II, on September 22, 973, invested Henry as bishop.

    On November 12, 973, Burchard III died with no heir: his union to Hadwing, sister of Henry II, had produced no children. With no clear successor, Henry II demanded that Otto II name him as the new Duke of Swabia. The Emperor sensed the far-reaching ambitions of his cousin and denied his request. Instead, Otto II named as Duke his nephew Otto, son of his half-brother Liudolf, Duke of Swabia. Prior to his appointment, Otto had been a long-time opponent of Henry II's expanding influence in Swabia. By naming a descendant of his half-brother instead of his cousin, Otto II reinforced his father's policy of appointing close family members to key posts throughout the Empire. This appointment elevated the descendants of Otto the Great above those of Henry I in the selection process, further dividing Otto II and Henry II.

    The appointment of Otto as Duke of Swabia was taken by Henry II as an assault on his claim to the Imperial throne and a slight to his honor.[3] He and his advisor, Bishop Abraham of Freising, conspired with the Duke of Poland Mieszko I and the Duke of Bohemia Boleslaus II against Otto II in 974. While the historical sources do not describe the goals of the conspirators, Henry II likely intended to restore his honor and to ensure his position as the second most influential man in the Empire. Upon hearing of the conspiracy, Poppo, the Bishop of W

    Otto getrouwd Theophania Skleraina in 972inRoma, Italia. Theophania (dochter van Konstantinos Skleros en Sophia Phokaina) was born in 956 in Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey; stierf on 15 jun 991inNijmegen, Nijmegen, Gelderland, Nederland. [Gezinsblad]


  2. 3.  Theophania SklerainaTheophania Skleraina was born in 956 in Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey (dochter van Konstantinos Skleros en Sophia Phokaina); stierf on 15 jun 991inNijmegen, Nijmegen, Gelderland, Nederland.

    Aantekeningen:

    Statue at St Dionysius Church, Eschwege

    Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire Tenure 972?983 Coronation 14 April 972

    Spouse Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor

    Issue:

    Sophie I, Abbess of Gandersheim
    Adelheid I, Abbess of Quedlinburg
    Matilda, Countess Palatine of Lorraine
    Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor

    Theophanu (Greek: ??????? ?????????, Theophano Skleraina; circa 960 ? June 15, 991), also spelled Theophania (????????), Theophana or Theophano, was the niece of the Byzantine Emperor John I Tzimiskes. By her marriage with Holy Roman Emperor Otto II, she was Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire and held regency as Empress dowager upon her husband's death in 983. Her name is derived from Medieval Greek Theophaneia (?????????), "appearance of God" (Theophany).

    Family

    Marriage certificate,

    Lower Saxon State Archive, Wolfenb

    Kinderen:
    1. 1. Mathilde von Sachsen, Prinzessin des Heiligen R was born in jun 979 in Sachsen, Deutschland; stierf on 4 nov 1025inEsch, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland; was begraven inBrauweiler, Pulheim, NRW, Deutschland.


Generatie: 3

  1. 4.  Otto "der Grosse" von Sachsen, Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches was born on 23 nov 912 in Wallhausen, Bad Kreuznach, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland (zoon van Heinrich 'der Vogler' von Sachsen, Heinrich I, K en Matilda "die Heilige" von Ringelheim); stierf on 7 mei 973inMemleben, Burgenland, Sachsen-Anhalt, Deutschland; was begraven inMagdeburg, Sachsen, Deutschland.

    Aantekeningen:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_I,_Holy_Roman_Emperor

    Otto I (23 November 912 ? 7 May 973), also known as Otto the Great, was emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, reigning as German king from 936 until his death in 973. The oldest son of Henry I the Fowler and Matilda of Ringelheim, Otto was "the first of the Germans to be called the emperor of Italy".[1]

    Otto inherited the Duchy of Saxony and the kingship of the Germans upon his father's death in 936. He continued his father's work to unify all German tribes into a single kingdom and greatly expanded the king's powers at the expense of the aristocracy. Through strategic marriages and personal appointments, Otto installed members of his family to the kingdom's most important duchies. This reduced the various dukes, who had previously been co-equals with the king, into royal subjects under his authority. Otto transformed the Roman Catholic Church in Germany to strengthen the royal office and subjected its clergy to his personal control.

    After putting down a brief civil war among the rebellious duchies, Otto defeated the Magyars at the Battle of Lechfeld in 955, thus ending the Hungarian invasions of Western Europe.[2] The victory against the pagan Magyars earned Otto the reputation as a savior of Christendom and secured his hold over the kingdom. By 961, Otto had conquered the Kingdom of Italy and extended his realm's borders to the north, east, and south. In control of much of central and southern Europe, the patronage of Otto and his immediate successors caused a limited cultural renaissance of the arts and architecture. Following the example of Charlemagne's coronation as "Emperor of the Romans" in 800, Otto was crowned Emperor in 962 by Pope John XII in Rome.

    Otto's later years were marked by conflicts with the Papacy and struggles to stabilize his rule over Italy. Reigning from Rome, Otto sought to improve relations with the Byzantine Empire, which opposed his claim to emperorship and his realm's further expansion to the south. To resolve this conflict, the Byzantine princess Theophanu married his son, Otto II, in April 972. Otto finally returned to Germany in August 972 and died of natural causes in 973. Otto II succeeded him as Emperor.

    Otto getrouwd Adelheid (Adelaide) de Bourgogne in 951. Adelheid (dochter van Rudolph II, Roy de Bourgogne en Bertha von Schwaben, Contesse de Provence) was born circa 931 in Bourgogne, France; stierf on 16 dec 999inAlsace, France. [Gezinsblad]


  2. 5.  Adelheid (Adelaide) de Bourgogne was born circa 931 in Bourgogne, France (dochter van Rudolph II, Roy de Bourgogne en Bertha von Schwaben, Contesse de Provence); stierf on 16 dec 999inAlsace, France.
    Kinderen:
    1. 2. Otto von Sachsen, Otto II, Kaiser des Heiligen R was born in 955 in Sachsen, Deutschland; stierf on 7 dec 983inRoma, Italia; was begraven inSaint Peter's Basilica, Sankt Peter, Freiburg, Baden-W.

  3. 6.  Konstantinos Skleros was born circa 930 in Didimoticho, Evros, Makedonia Thraki, Greece (zoon van Gregoria); stierf on 11 mrt 991in Didimoticho, Evros, Makedonia Thraki, Greece.

    Aantekeningen:



    Skleros

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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    This article is incomplete. Please help to improve the article, or discuss the issue on the talk page. (June 2011)

    The Skleros or Sclerus (Greek: ???????; plural: ???????, Skleroi), feminine form Skleraina/Scleraena (Greek: ?????????), was a noble Byzantine family active mostly in the 9th?11th centuries.

    Contents

    [hide] 1 Origin and early members

    2 10th century 3 References 4 Sources

    Origin and early members[edit]

    The family descended from north-eastern Asia Minor, either from Lesser Armenia or the theme of Sebasteia. Due to their origin, they have been traditionally regarded as Armenians, although this is nowhere explicitly attested.[1][2][3]

    Although the family belonged to the Anatolian military aristocracy, in the 9th century its members are mostly attested as being active in the Balkans: the first Skleros known was a strategos of the Peloponnese in 805, and in 811, the same office was occupied by Leo Skleros, possibly a son or nephew of the former.[1][4] Another unnamed member of the family is recorded in the 840s as serving the Arabs and being in conflict with Umar al-Aqta, the emir of Malatya, possibly indicating a fall from favour of the family under the Amorian dynasty.[4][5] The family seems to have regained a prominent position under Basil I the Macedonian (r. 867?886), for the magistros and anthypatos Theodore Skleros is recorded in 869?870. His sons Antony and Niketas became patrikioi, with Antony serving as strategos of Hellas and Niketas possibly as admiral of the imperial fleet (droungarios tou ploimou), while he is also recorded as leading an embassy to the Magyars in 894.[1][4][6]

    10th century[edit]

    The Skleroi fall into obscurity during the reign of Leo VI the Wise (r. 886?912), who favoured the Doukas and Phokas families. In turn, the Skleroi seem to have supported Romanos Lekapenos: the general Pantherios, who has been tentatively identified as a member of the Skleros clan, became strategos of Lykandos, Thrakesion and finally Domestic of the Schools for a short time in 944?945, before being replaced by Bardas Phokas the Elder.[7][8]

    The most distinguished scion of the family, Bardas Skleros, first appears in 956 as a patrikios and strategos of the small frontier theme of Kaloudia. Bardas's siblings married into the most prominent families of the military aristocracy: Constantine Skleros married Sophia Phokaina, the niece of Nikephoros II Phokas (r. 963?969), while Maria Skleraina married Nikephoros Phokas's nephew, John Tzimiskes. The latter connection was of particular importance for the family's fortunes: although she died before Tzimiskes ascended the throne in 969, the Skleroi were promoted by him to senior positions in the state.[8] Bardas was appointed as Domestic of the Schools of the East, suppressing the revolt of the Phocas clan led by Bardas Phokas the Younger and defeating the Rus' in 970.[9] Despite a period of disgrace in 972?974, connected with a reported conspiracy against Tzimiskes, the Skleroi remained among the most important families during his reign.[1][10] In 972, Tzimiskes even married Constantine Skleros's daughter, Theophano, to the Holy Roman Emperor Otto II (r. 973?983

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skleros

    Konstantinos getrouwd Sophia Phokaina. Sophia (dochter van Bardas 'the Elder' Phokas en Maleina) was born in 930 in Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey; stierf in inIstanbul, Marmara, Turkey. [Gezinsblad]


  4. 7.  Sophia Phokaina was born in 930 in Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey (dochter van Bardas 'the Elder' Phokas en Maleina); stierf in inIstanbul, Marmara, Turkey.

    Aantekeningen:



    http://genealogiequebec.info/en/testphp/info.php?no=101441 -------------------- Phokas (Byzantine family)

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Jump to: navigation, search

    Phokas or Phocas (Greek: ?????), feminine form Phokaina (Greek: ???????), was the name of a Byzantine aristocratic clan from Cappadocia, which in the 9th and 10th centuries provided a series of high-ranking generals and an emperor, Nikephoros II Phokas (r. 963?969). Its members and their clients monopolized the high command positions of the Byzantine army for much of the 10th century and led the successful Byzantine offensive against the Arabs in the East. As one of the leading families of the Anatolian military aristocracy, the Phokades were also involved in a series of rebellions that laid claim to power and challenged the emperors at Constantinople. Their power was eventually broken by Basil II (r. 976?1025), and the family declined in importance after the 11th century.

    Contents

    [hide] 1 History 1.1 Origin and early members

    1.2 Apex of power and fall 1.3 Later members of the family

    2 Family tree, 9th?11th centuries 3 References 4 Sources

    History[edit]

    Origin and early members[edit]

    According to Michael Attaleiates, the family descended from the ancient Roman gens Fabia, while Ali ibn al-Athir ascribed them an Arab origin from Tarsos. These theories, however, are a later invention. Whatever their origins, the Phokades appear to have settled in Cappadocia, where their estates were concentrated and which is clearly attested as their power base and the center of their activities.[1][2] Various authors have speculated on an Armenian or Georgian origin,[2][3] partly to account for the frequent presence of the name "Bardas" among the family members, but none of these hypotheses can be conclusively proven.[4][5]

    The blinding of Leo Phokas.

    The first attested member of the family was a soldier, probably of humble origin, who was appointed tourmarches in 872. His son, Nikephoros Phokas the Elder, became a distinguished general, scoring several victories against the Arabs, especially in southern Italy, and reaching the position of Domestic of the Schools.[2][4][6] His son, Leo Phokas the Elder, was also Domestic of the Schools, but was defeated by the Bulgarian tsar Symeon (r. 893?927), and later unsuccessfully opposed the rise of Romanos Lekapenos to the throne in 919, being captured and blinded. His brother, Bardas Phokas the Elder, already active as a general, fell in disgrace for a time, but by the time of Lekapenos's fall in 944, he was a patrikios and a high-ranking general.[4][7]

    Apex of power and fall[edit]

    After the fall of the Lekapenoi clan, Constantine VII appointed Bardas as Domestic of the Schools, while his sons Nikephoros, Leo, and Constantine were placed as strategoi of the themes of Anatolikon, Cappadocia, and Seleukeia respectively.[8][9] These appointments heralded a period of over twenty years when the Phokades and their clients monopolized the Byzantine army's leadership. During this period, the Phokas clan was closely allied with the Maleinoi, a rich and powerful family from Charsianon, through the marriage of Bardas to a Maleinos lady. Other families that were closely aligned with and often related to them through marriage were the Adralestoi, Skleroi, Kourkouai, Parsakountenoi, Balantai, and Botaneiatai.[10]

    Entry of Nikephoros Phokas (r. 963-969) into Constantinople as emperor, from the Madrid Skylitzes.

    Bardas himself, already in his mid-sixties when named commander-in-chief, proved a mediocre general, suffering a string of defeats at the hands of Sayf al-Dawla. One of them, in 953, even left his son Constantine Phokas captive in Dawla's hands. Finally, in 955, Bardas was replaced by his son Nikephoros. With the aid of Leo, who had already established himself through victories of his own, and his nephew John Tzimiskes, Nikephoros achieved a series of successes, recovering Crete and Cyprus and repeatedly defeating Sayf al-Dawla's forces.[9][11] With the sudden death of Romanos II in 963, the popular and powerful Nikephoros seized the throne, becoming senior emperor and guardian over the young sons of Romanos, Basil II, and Constantine VIII. His father Bardas was named Caesar, and his brother Leo became kouropalates and logothetes tou dromou. As emperor, Nikephoros continued his campaigns in the East, conquering Cilicia and northwestern Syria.[4][12]

    Nikephoros's regime, however, quickly became unpopular, both due to his focus on military affairs to the detriment of the economy and for his religious policies. In December 969, he was murdered by a group of disaffected generals led by his nephew and one-time prot

    Kinderen:
    1. 3. Theophania Skleraina was born in 956 in Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey; stierf on 15 jun 991inNijmegen, Nijmegen, Gelderland, Nederland.


Generatie: 4

  1. 8.  Heinrich 'der Vogler' von Sachsen, Heinrich I, KHeinrich 'der Vogler' von Sachsen, Heinrich I, K was born in 876 in Memleben, Bugenland, Sachsen-Anhalt, Deutschland; was gedoopt in 876 (zoon van Otto "der Erlauchte", Herzog von Sachsen en Hedwig von Babenberg); stierf on 2 jul 936inMemleben, Bugenland, Sachsen-Anhalt, Deutschland; was begraven inQuedlinburg Stiftskirche, Quedlinburg, Landkreis Har, Sachsen-Anhalt, Deutschland.

    Aantekeningen:

    Leo: The Holy Roman Empire, A Dictionary Handbook , Zophy, Reference: biography. -------------------- Born in Memleben, in what is now Saxony-Anhalt, Henry was the son of Otto the Illustrious, Duke of Saxony, and his wife Hedwiga, daughter of Henry of Franconia and Ingeltrude and a great-great-granddaughter of Charlemagne, or Charles I. In 906 he married Hatheburg, daughter of the Saxon count Erwin, but divorced her in 909, after she had given birth to his son Thankmar. Later that year he married St Matilda of Ringelheim, daughter of Dietrich, Count of Westphalia. Matilda bore him three sons, one called Otto, and two daughters, Hedwig and Gerberga, and founded many religious institutions, including the abbey of Quedlinburg where Henry is buried and was later canonized.

    Succession[edit]

    Henry became Duke of Saxony upon his father's death in 912. An able ruler, he continued to strengthen the position of his duchy within the developing Kingdom of Germany, frequently in conflict with his neighbors to the South, the dukes of Franconia.

    On 23 December 918 Conrad I, King of East Francia and Franconian duke, died. Although they had been at odds with each other from 912?15 over the title to lands in Thuringia, before he died Conrad recommended Henry as his successor. Conrad's choice was conveyed by Duke Eberhard of Franconia, Conrad's brother and heir, at the Imperial Diet of Fritzlar in 919. The assembled Franconian and Saxon nobles duly elected Henry to be king. Archbishop Heriger of Mainz offered to anoint Henry according to the usual ceremony, but he refused to be anointed by a high church official ? the only King of his time not to undergo that rite ? allegedly because he wished to be king not by the church's but by the people's acclaim. Duke Burchard II of Swabia soon swore fealty to the new King, but Duke Arnulf of Bavaria did not submit until Henry defeated him in two campaigns in 921. Last, Henry besieged his residence at Ratisbon (Regensburg) and forced Arnulf into submission.

    In 920, the West Frankish king Charles the Simple invaded Germany and marched as far as Pfeddersheim near Worms, but he retired on hearing that Henry was arming against him.[2] On 7 November 921 Henry and Charles met each other and concluded a treaty of friendship between them. However, with the beginning of civil war in France upon the coronation of King Robert I, Henry sought to wrest the Duchy of Lorraine from the Western Kingdom. In 923 Henry crossed the Rhine twice. Later in the year he entered Lorraine with an army, capturing a large part of the country. Until October 924 the eastern part of Lorraine was left in Henry's possession.[citation needed]

    Reign[edit]

    Henry regarded the German kingdom as a confederation of stem duchies rather than as a feudal monarchy and saw himself as primus inter pares. Instead of seeking to administer the empire through counts, as Charlemagne had done and as his successors had attempted, Henry allowed the dukes of Franconia, Swabia, and Bavaria to maintain complete internal control of their holdings. In 925, Duke Gilbert of Lorraine again rebelled. Henry invaded the duchy and besieged Gilbert at Z

    Heinrich getrouwd Matilda "die Heilige" von Ringelheim in 909inWallhausen, Bad Kreuznach, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland. Matilda (dochter van Dietrich (Theodoric) von Ringelheim, Graf in Westfalen en Ragnhilde, Gr) was born circa 896 in Enger, NRW, Deutschland; stierf on 14 mei 968inQuedlinburg, Landkreis Har, Sachsen-Anhalt, Deutschland; was begraven inQuedlinburg Stiftskirche, Quedlinburg, Landkreis Har, Sachsen-Anhalt, Deutschland. [Gezinsblad]


  2. 9.  Matilda "die Heilige" von RingelheimMatilda "die Heilige" von Ringelheim was born circa 896 in Enger, NRW, Deutschland (dochter van Dietrich (Theodoric) von Ringelheim, Graf in Westfalen en Ragnhilde, Gr); stierf on 14 mei 968inQuedlinburg, Landkreis Har, Sachsen-Anhalt, Deutschland; was begraven inQuedlinburg Stiftskirche, Quedlinburg, Landkreis Har, Sachsen-Anhalt, Deutschland.
    Kinderen:
    1. Hedwig von Sachsen was born in 910; stierf in 965.
    2. 4. Otto "der Grosse" von Sachsen, Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches was born on 23 nov 912 in Wallhausen, Bad Kreuznach, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland; stierf on 7 mei 973inMemleben, Burgenland, Sachsen-Anhalt, Deutschland; was begraven inMagdeburg, Sachsen, Deutschland.
    3. Gerberga von Sachsen was born circa 913 in Nordhausen, Th; stierf on 5 mei 969inReims, Marne, Champagne-Ardenne, France; was begraven inReims, Marne, Champagne-Ardenne, France.
    4. Heinrich von Sachsen, Graf von Bayern was born in 919 in Nordhausen, Th; stierf on 1 nov 955inP.
    5. Bruno von Sachsen, Erzbischof von K was born in 925; stierf on 11 okt 965inReims, Marne, Champagne-Ardenne, France.

  3. 10.  Rudolph II, Roy de BourgogneRudolph II, Roy de Bourgogne was born circa 890 in Bourgogne, France (zoon van Rudolph, Roy de Haute Bourgogne en Willa de Provence); stierf on 15 jan 936inAquitaine, France.

    Aantekeningen:

    http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudolf_van_Bourgondi

    http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudolf_van_Bourgondi

    Rudolph getrouwd Bertha von Schwaben, Contesse de Provence. Bertha (dochter van Burchard, Herzog von Schwaben en Reginlinde von Nellenburg) was born circa 907 in Bourgogne, France; stierf on 28 mrt 966inBourgogne, France. [Gezinsblad]


  4. 11.  Bertha von Schwaben, Contesse de Provence was born circa 907 in Bourgogne, France (dochter van Burchard, Herzog von Schwaben en Reginlinde von Nellenburg); stierf on 28 mrt 966inBourgogne, France.

    Aantekeningen:

    http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berta_von_Alamannien

    Berta von Alamannien

    aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklop

    http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berta_von_Alamannien

    Berta von Alamannien

    aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklop

    Kinderen:
    1. Conrad 'le Pacifique', Roi de Bourgogne was born circa 923 in Arles, Bouches-du-Rhone, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France; stierf on 19 okt 993inVienne, Isère, France; was begraven inVienne, Isère, France.
    2. 5. Adelheid (Adelaide) de Bourgogne was born circa 931 in Bourgogne, France; stierf on 16 dec 999inAlsace, France.

  5. 13.  Gregoria (dochter van Bardas ho Makedon).
    Kinderen:
    1. 6. Konstantinos Skleros was born circa 930 in Didimoticho, Evros, Makedonia Thraki, Greece; stierf on 11 mrt 991in Didimoticho, Evros, Makedonia Thraki, Greece.

  6. 14.  Bardas 'the Elder' Phokas was born circa 878 in Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey (zoon van Nik Phokas en Anna Dalassena); stierf in 968inIstanbul, Marmara, Turkey.

    Aantekeningen:



    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bardas_Phokas_the_Elder

    Bardas Phokas (Greek: ?????? ?????) (c. 878 ? c. 968) was a notable Byzantine general in the first half of the 10th century, and father of Byzantine emperor Nikephoros II Phokas and the kouropalates Leo Phokas the Younger.

    Bardas was the scion of the Phokas family, one of the great houses of the Anatolian military aristocracy, his father was Nikephoros Phokas the Elder, an eminent Byzantine general with a distinguished record of service in Italy. In 917, he participated under the orders of his elder brother Leo in the disastrous Battle of Acheloos.

    -------------------- Bardas Phokas the Elder

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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    Bardas Phokas

    Born c. 878

    Died c. 968

    Allegiance Byzantine Empire

    Years of service 910s?955

    Rank Domestic of the Schools

    Battles/wars Battle of Acheloos, Arab?Byzantine Wars, Rus' attack of 941

    Bardas Phokas (Greek: ?????? ?????) (c. 878 ? c. 968) was a notable Byzantine general in the first half of the 10th century, and father of Byzantine emperor Nikephoros II Phokas and the kouropalates Leo Phokas the Younger.

    Bardas was the scion of the Phokas family, one of the great houses of the Anatolian military aristocracy, his father was Nikephoros Phokas the Elder, an eminent Byzantine general with a distinguished record of service in Italy. In 917, he participated under the orders of his elder brother Leo in the disastrous Battle of Acheloos.

    In 941, he was governor of the Theme of Armeniakon, in the area previously known as Paphlagonia. In this year the Rus' navy under the leadership of Igor I of Kiev attacked the Empire. Driven off from Constantinople, the Rus' landed in Bithynia and ravaged it. Bardas kept the attackers from doing too much damage with his local militia levies until the larger Byzantine army under John Kourkouas came and drove the Rus' out.

    In 945 he was appointed supreme commander of the Byzantine armies of the East by Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus. In this command he did not make much progress against the Arab forces, being repeatedly defeated by Sayf al-Daula, emir of Aleppo. In 953, he was defeated and severely wounded by Sayf and after further defeats, he was replaced by his son Nikephoros in 955/956.

    When Nikephoros came to the throne he made his father Caesar, only a step below the imperial title. He died about 968 at the age of 90

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bardas_Phokas_the_Elder

    Bardas getrouwd Maleina in 905. (dochter van Eudokios Maleinos en Anastaso Adralestina) was born circa 925 in Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey; stierf in inIstanbul, Marmara, Turkey. [Gezinsblad]


  7. 15.  Maleina was born circa 925 in Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey (dochter van Eudokios Maleinos en Anastaso Adralestina); stierf in inIstanbul, Marmara, Turkey.

    Aantekeningen:

    ardas Phokas, Caesar, geboren 889 (Religion: gr.K.), gestorben Anfang 969. Feldherr, Caesar 963, Sohn von Nikephoros Phokas (siehe 24).

    Verheiratet mit

    13 N Maleina, geboren um 890 (Religion: gr.K.), Tochter von Eudokimus Maleinos (siehe 26) und Anastaso Adralestina (siehe 27).

    Aus dieser Ehe stammen:

    1. Leon Phokas, geboren um 915 (siehe 6).

    2. Nikephoros II. Phokas, Ks. v. Byzanz, geboren 912 in Konstantinopel (Religion: gr.K.), gestorben 10.12.969 in Konstantinopel, oder 11.12., ermordet. Themengeneral (erster Reichsfeldherr) 945, Oberbefehlshaber der Gardetruppe 955, Ks. 963.

    Kirchliche Trauung (1) um 940 mit N Pleustana (Religion: gr.K.).
    Kirchliche Trauung (2) 20.9.963 mit Anastaso (Theophanu) N, geboren 943 in Konstantinopel (Religion: gr.K.), gestorben um 990, Tochter von Krateros N.

    3. N Phokaina, geboren um 910 (Religion: gr.K.).

    Verheiratet mit Romanos Kourkas, geboren um 900 (Religion: gr.K.). Vorname unsicher, Sohn von Theophilos Kourkas, Hg. v. Mesopotmaien.

    4. Nikephoros Phokas, geboren um 914 (Religion: gr.K.), gestorben 969, ernordet.

    5. N Phokaina, geboren um 908 (Religion: gr.K.).

    Verheiratet mit Diogenes, Strategos, geboren um 900 (Religion: gr.K.), gestorben nach 944, strategos 944, Sohn von Diogenes und N Adralestina

    http://www.berndjosefjansen.de/theophanu/theophanu.htm#BM15720

    Kinderen:
    1. 7. Sophia Phokaina was born in 930 in Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey; stierf in inIstanbul, Marmara, Turkey.