Judith Přemysl, Księżna Polski

Vrouwelijk ca. 1057 - 1086  (~ 29 jaar)

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Generatie: 1

  1. 1.  Judith PÅ™emysl, Księżna Polski was born circa 1057 in Praha, Czech Republic (dochter van Vratislaus II Premyslovec, ÄŒeský král en Adelheid); stierf on 25 dec 1086inPlock (PÅ‚ock), Mazowieckie, Polska (Poland).


    Judith of Bohemia (ca. 1056/58 ? 25 December 1086), also known as Judith Premyslid, was a Bohemian princess of the Premyslid dynasty, and by marriage Duchess of Poland. She was a daughter of Duke Vratislaus II of Bohemia by his second wife Adelaide, daughter of King Andrew I of Hungary. She was named after her paternal grandmother Judith of Schweinfurt, who died shortly after her birth. Judith was the second of four children born from Vratislaus II's marriage with the Hungarian princess Adelaide. The others were Bretislaus II, Ludmilla (later a nun) and Vratislaus, who died young killed in battle. Judith's uncle Duke Spytihnev II died in 1061 and was succeeded by his brother Vratislaus II. One year later, in 1062, Duchess Adelaide died. Duke Vratislaus II was remarried in 1063 to ?wi?tos?awa, daughter of Duke Casimir I of Poland. From this marriage, Judith gained five half-siblings: Boleslav (Duke of Olomouc; he died shortly before his father), Borivoj II, Vladislav I, Sob?slav I Old?ich and Judith, later wife of Wiprecht II of Groitzsch, Burgrave of Magdeburg. Around 1080, Judith married W?adys?aw I Herman, Duke of Poland (nephew of her stepmother), to solidify the recently established Bohemian-Polish alliance. According to contemporary chroniclers, Duchess Judith performed remarkable charity work, helping the needy and ensuring the comfort of subjects and prisoners. After almost five years of childless marriage, the necessity of an heir had increased: Because she was barren pray to God every day with tears and orations, made sacrifices and paying debts, helping widows and orphans, and given very generous amounts of gold and silver for the monasteries, commanded the priests to pray to the saints and the grace of God for a child. On 10 June 1085, Judith and her husband were present at the coronation of her father Duke Vratislaus II as the first King of Bohemia. One year later, in 1086, Judith's prayers were finally answered, and on 20 August of that year she gave birth the long-awaited son and heir, the future Boles?aw III Wrymouth; sadly, the Duchess never recovered from the effects of childbirth and died four months later, on 25 December.

    Judith getrouwd Wladyslaw Herman, King of Poland. Wladyslaw (zoon van Kazimierz (Casimir) "Odnowiciel", Duke of Poland en Maria Dobroniega Vladimirovna) was born in 1043 in Krak; stierf on 4 jun 1102inPlock, Mazowieckie, Polska. [Gezinsblad]

    1. Boleslaw III "Krzywousty" Piast, King of Poland was born on 20 aug 1085 in Kraków (Krakau), Małopolskie, Polska (Poland); stierf on 28 okt 1138inKraków (Krakau), Małopolskie, Polska (Poland).

Generatie: 2

  1. 2.  Vratislaus II Premyslovec, ÄŒeský král was born circa 1033 in Praha, Czech Republic; stierf on 14 jan 1092inSt. Peter and Paul's Church, Vysehrad, Czech Republic .



    Vratislaus II or Wratislaus II (Czech: Vratislav II) (died 14 January 1092), the son of Bretislaus I and Judith of Schweinfurt, daughter of Henry of Schweinfurt, was the first King of Bohemia from 15 June 1085. The royal title was a grant, however, from the Holy Roman Emperor and was not hereditary. Before being raised to kingship, he had ruled Bohemia as duke since 1061. He was one of the greatest of medieval Bohemian rulers.

    On his father's death in 1055, Vratislaus became duke of Olomouc. He fell out with his brother Spytihnev II and was exiled to Hungary. Vratislaus regained his Moravian ducal throne with Hungarian assistance and eventually reconciled with his brother and succeed him as duke of Bohemia.

    Campaigns of Henry IV

    Vratislaus was an ally of the Emperor Henry IV. He supported Henry in both the Investiture Controversy and the rebellions in Saxony which dominated his long reign. Pope Gregory VII, having already gained the support of Boleslaus II of Poland, was keen on roping in the duke of Bohemia to surround the emperor with adversaries fighting for the church. The pope confirmed Vratislaus in the privilege of wearing the mitre and tunic which his predecessors had had. The pope also expressed gratitude for the regular payment of tribute to the Holy See.

    Vratislaus was often at odds with his brother Jaromir, the bishop of Prague, and he wore his religious vestments around the bishop to irritate him. Jaromir, for his part, ignored the creation of a new Moravian diocese by Vratislaus in 1063. Jaromir even went so far as to take by arms the relics removed from Prague to Moravia. Despite the pope's support for Vratislaus' new see, the Bohemian duke was unswayed in his loyalty to the emperor.

    The Saxons revolted under their Duke Magnus and Otto of Nordheim, Duke of Bavaria, in 1070 and Boleslaus of Poland attacked Bohemia in 1071. In August 1073, Henry responded with an invasion of Poland, but a new Saxon revolt drew him back in 1075. Vratislaus joined him and they defeated the rebels on June 9 at the First Battle of Langensalza. The Bohemian troops showed conspicuous bravery. Henry then took Jaromir to Germany to be his chancellor by the name of Gebhard and Vratislaus was greatly relieved.

    Vratislaus also took part in the wars against the anti-kings who opposed Henry's rule and were elected by a part of the nobility to replace him. At the Battle of Flarchheim, only through the aid of Vratislaus' contingent was the imperial army capable of overcoming the rebels of the papally-approved claimant Rudolf of Rheinfelden, Duke of Swabia. Vratislaus even succeeded in seizing Rudolf's golden sword. The golden sword was then carried in front of Vratislaus on state occasions.

    [edit] Relations with the papacy

    Vratislaus raised an army to serve in Henry's Italian campaign of 1081. In 1083, Vratislaus and his Bohemians were with Henry when they entered the Eternal City itself.

    Despite his serving an excommunicated emperor, Vratislaus maintained good relations with the papacy. Nonetheless, Gregory refused to grant Vratislaus permission to use the Slavonic liturgy. Never, however, did Vratislaus link his fate with that of Henry's antipope, Clement III.

    [edit] Expansionism

    Vratislaus coveted the largely Slavic marches of Meissen and Lusatia, but, in spite of Henry's promises and Bohemian successes against the rebellious margraves, he never received them. He held Lower Lusatia between 1075 and 1086, but in 1088, with the insurrection of Egbert II of Meissen, Henry granted the region to Henry of Ostmark. Vratislaus was thereafter cool to Henry's military adventures. He never adjusted his loyalty, but he abstained from giving the emperor martial aid.

    [edit] Internal affairs

    It was a Premyslid tradition that Moravia would be entrusted to the younger brothers of the ruling prince. In Vratislaus' case, his two younger brothers Conrad and Otto inherited Brno and Olomouc and the youngest, Jaromir, entered the church. However, enmity grew between the brothers. It was then that Vratislaus founded the diocese of Olm

    Vratislaus getrouwd Adelheid in 1057. Adelheid (dochter van Andrew I "the White" (András, first Fehér) Árpád, Magyar kir en Anastasia Yaroslavovna of Kiev) was born circa 1040; stierf on 27 jan 1062inCzech Republic. [Gezinsblad]

  2. 3.  AdelheidAdelheid was born circa 1040 (dochter van Andrew I "the White" (András, first Fehér) Árpád, Magyar kir en Anastasia Yaroslavovna of Kiev); stierf on 27 jan 1062inCzech Republic.
    1. 1. Judith Přemysl, Księżna Polski was born circa 1057 in Praha, Czech Republic; stierf on 25 dec 1086inPlock (Płock), Mazowieckie, Polska (Poland).

Generatie: 3

  1. 6.  Andrew I "the White" (András, first Fehér) Árpád, Magyar kirAndrew I "the White" (András, first Fehér) Árpád, Magyar kir was born in 1015 (zoon van Vazul (Vászoly) Árpád, Duke of Nyitra en Tátony); stierf on 6 dec 1060inZirc, Veszprém, Hungary; was begraven inTihany Abbey, Tihany, Veszprém, Hungary.

    Andere gebeurtenissen:

    • : 1031, expelled from Hungary
    • : 1032, Praha, Czech Republic
    • : vóór 1034, Polska (Poland)
    • : 1035, Kiev, Ukraine
    • : 1046, Budapest, Magyarország (Hungary)

    Andrew getrouwd Anastasia Yaroslavovna of Kiev circa 1039inKiev, Ukraine. Anastasia (dochter van Yaroslav "Mudriy" Vladimirovich, Grand prince of Kiev en Ingegerd Olafsdotter, Prinsesse av Sverige) was born circa 1023; stierf circa 1090inSteiermark, . [Gezinsblad]

  2. 7.  Anastasia Yaroslavovna of KievAnastasia Yaroslavovna of Kiev was born circa 1023 (dochter van Yaroslav "Mudriy" Vladimirovich, Grand prince of Kiev en Ingegerd Olafsdotter, Prinsesse av Sverige); stierf circa 1090inSteiermark, .
    1. 3. Adelheid was born circa 1040; stierf on 27 jan 1062inCzech Republic.
    2. Solomon (Salamon), Magyar kir was born in 1053; stierf in 1087inMakedonia Thraki, Greece.
    3. David (Dávid) Árpád was born circa 1054; stierf na 1094inTihany, Magyarország (Hungary).

Generatie: 4

  1. 12.  Vazul (Vászoly) Árpád, Duke of NyitraVazul (Vászoly) Árpád, Duke of Nyitra was born in 976 in Esztergom, Komárom-Esztergom, Hungary (zoon van Michael (Béla, later Mihály), Magyar Nagyfejedelem, Regent of Poland en Cometopuli, Princess of Bulgaria); stierf in 1037inFrehjar, Poland.


    Vazul (Basil) (11th century ? died 1037) was a Hungarian noble of the

    Vazul getrouwd Tátony. [Gezinsblad]

  2. 13.  Tátony
    1. Levente Árpád was born circa 1010; stierf in 1047inTaksony, Magyarorsz.
    2. 6. Andrew I "the White" (András, first Fehér) Árpád, Magyar kir was born in 1015; stierf on 6 dec 1060inZirc, Veszprém, Hungary; was begraven inTihany Abbey, Tihany, Veszprém, Hungary.
    3. Béla "Bajnok" Árpád, Magyar kir was born circa 1016 in Esztergom, Komárom-Esztergom, Hungary; stierf on 11 sep 1063inKinizsa Creek, Hungary; was begraven inSzekszárd Abbey, Szekszárd, Tolna, Magyarország (Hungary).

  3. 14.  Yaroslav "Mudriy" Vladimirovich, Grand prince of KievYaroslav "Mudriy" Vladimirovich, Grand prince of Kiev was born circa 978 in Kiev, Ukraine (zoon van Vladimir Sviatoslavich, Grandduke of Kiev en Rogneda Ragnvaldsdottir Polotskaya); stierf on 20 feb 1054inVyshgorod, Ukraine.




    Yaroslav I the Wise (c. 978, Kiev -20 February 1054, Kiev) (East Slavic: ??????? ?????? ; Christian name: George; Old Norse: Jarizleifr) was thrice Grand Prince of Novgorod and Kiev, uniting the two principalities for a time under his rule. During his lengthy reign, Kievan Rus' reached a zenith of its cultural flowering and military power.

    His way to the throne

    Coins of Yaroslav and his descendants represent the trident.Early years of Yaroslav's life are enshrouded in mystery. He was one of the numerous sons of Vladimir the Great, presumably his second by Rogneda of Polotsk, although his actual age (as stated in the Primary Chronicle and corroborated by the examination of his skeleton in the 1930s) would place him among the youngest children of Vladimir. It has been suggested that he was a child begotten out of wedlock after Vladimir's divorce with Rogneda and his marriage to Anna Porphyrogeneta, or even that he was a child of Anna Porphyrogeneta herself. Yaroslav figures prominently in the Norse Sagas under the name of Jarisleif the Lame; his legendary lameness (probably resulting from an arrow wound) was corroborated by the scientists who examined his relics.

    In his youth, Yaroslav was sent by his father to rule the northern lands around Rostov the Great but was transferred to Novgorod the Great, as befitted a senior heir to the throne, in 1010. While living there, he founded the town of Yaroslavl (literally, Yaroslav's) on the Volga. His relations with father were apparently strained, and grew only worse on the news that Vladimir bequeathed the Kievan throne to his younger son, Boris. In 1014 Yaroslav refused to pay tribute to Kiev and only Vladimir's death prevented a war.

    During the next four years Yaroslav waged a complicated and bloody war for Kiev against his half-brother Sviatopolk, who was supported by his father-in-law, Duke Boleslaus I of Poland. During the course of this struggle, several other brothers (Boris and Gleb, Svyatoslav) were brutally murdered. The Primary Chronicle accused Svyatopolk of planning those murders, while the Saga of Eymund is often interpreted as recounting the story of Boris's assassination by the Varangians in the service of Yaroslav.

    Yaroslav defeated Svyatopolk in their first battle, in 1016, and Svyatopolk fled to Poland. But Svyatopolk returned with Polish troops furnished by his father-in-law Duke Boleslaus of Poland, seized Kiev and pushed Yaroslav back into Novgorod. In 1019, Yaroslav eventually prevailed over Svyatopolk and established his rule over Kiev. One of his first actions as a grand prince was to confer on the loyal Novgorodians (who had helped him to regain the throne), numerous freedoms and privileges. Thus, the foundation for the Novgorod Republic was laid. The Novgorodians respected Yaroslav more than other Kievan princes and the princely residence in the city, next to the marketplace (and where the veche often convened) was named the Yaroslavovo Dvorishche after him. It is thought that it was at that period that Yaroslav promulgated the first code of laws in the East Slavic lands, the Yaroslav's Justice, better known as Russkaya Pravda.

    His reign

    The Ukrainian hryvnia represents Yaroslav.Leaving aside the legitimacy of Yaroslav's claims to the Kievan throne and his postulated guilt in the murder of his brothers, Nestor and later Russian historians often represented him as a model of virtue and styled him the Wise. A less appealing side of his personality may be revealed by the fact that he imprisoned his younger brother Sudislav for life. Yet another brother, Mstislav of Tmutarakan, whose distant realm bordered on the Northern Caucasus and the Black Sea, hastened to Kiev and inflicted a heavy defeat on Yaroslav in 1024. Thereupon Yaroslav and Mstislav divided Kievan Rus: the area stretching left from the Dnieper, with the capital at Chernigiv, was ceded to Mstislav until his death in 1036.

    In his foreign policy, Yaroslav relied on the Scandinavian alliance and attempted to weaken the Byzantine influence on Kiev. In 1030 he reconquered from the Poles Red Rus, and concluded an alliance with king Casimir I the Restorer, sealed by the latter's marriage to Yaroslav's sister Maria. In another successful military raid the same year, he conquered the Estonian fortress of Tarbatu, built his own fort in that place, which went by the name of Yuriev (after St George, or Yury, Yaroslav's patron saint) and forced the surrounding province of Ugaunia to pay annual tribute.

    In 1043 Yaroslav staged a naval raid against Constantinople led by his son Vladimir and general Vyshata. Although the Rus' navy was defeated, Yaroslav managed to conclude the war with a favourable treaty and prestigious marriage of his son Vsevolod to the emperor's daughter. It has been suggested that the peace was so advantageous because the Kievans had succeeded in taking a key Byzantine possession in Crimea, Chersones.

    To defend his state from the Pechenegs and other nomadic tribes threatening it from the south he constructed a line of forts, composed of Yuriev, Boguslav, Kaniv, Korsun, and Pereyaslav. To celebrate his decisive victory over the Pechenegs in 1036 (who thereupon never were a threat to Kiev) he sponsored the construction of the Saint Sophia Cathedral in 1037. Other celebrated monuments of his reign, such as the Golden Gates of Kiev, have since perished.

    Yaroslav was a notable patron of book culture and learning. In 1051, he had a Russian monk Ilarion proclaimed the metropolitan of Kiev, thus challenging old Byzantine tradition of placing Greeks on the episcopal sees. Ilarion's discourse on Yaroslav and his father Vladimir is frequently cited as the first work of Old Russian literature.

    Family life and posterity

    Yaroslav and his wife Irene are buried in the 13-domed Saint Sophia Cathedral they built in KievIn 1019, Yaroslav married Ingegerd Olofsdotter, daughter of the king of Sweden, and gave Ladoga to her as a marriage gift. There are good reasons to believe that before that time he had been married to a woman named Anna, of disputed extraction.

    In the Saint Sophia Cathedral, one may see a fresco representing the whole family: Yaroslav, Irene (as Ingigerd was known in Rus), their five daughters and five sons. Yaroslav married three of his daughters to foreign princes who lived in exile at his court: Elizabeth to Harald III of Norway (who had attained her hand by his military exploits in the Byzantine Empire); Anastasia of Kiev to the future Andrew I of Hungary, and the youngest daughter Anne of Kiev married Henry I of France and was the regent of France during their son's minority. Another daughter may have been the Agatha who married Edward the Exile, heir to the throne of England and was the mother of Edgar

    Yaroslav getrouwd Ingegerd Olafsdotter, Prinsesse av Sverige in 1019. Ingegerd (dochter van Olof III "Skötkonung" Ericsson, Kung av Sverige en Estrid von Mecklenburg, Dronning av Sverige) was born in 1001 in Sigtuna, Uppsala, Uppsala l; stierf on 10 feb 1050inKiev, Ukraine; was begraven inSaint Sophia Cathedral, Kiev, Kiev, Kyivs'ka oblast, Ukraine. [Gezinsblad]

  4. 15.  Ingegerd Olafsdotter, Prinsesse av SverigeIngegerd Olafsdotter, Prinsesse av Sverige was born in 1001 in Sigtuna, Uppsala, Uppsala l (dochter van Olof III "Skötkonung" Ericsson, Kung av Sverige en Estrid von Mecklenburg, Dronning av Sverige); stierf on 10 feb 1050inKiev, Ukraine; was begraven inSaint Sophia Cathedral, Kiev, Kiev, Kyivs'ka oblast, Ukraine.


    Princess Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden (1001 ? 10 February 1050) was a Swedish princess and a Grand Princess of Kiev, the daughter of Swedish King Olof Sk

    1. Vladimir Yaroslavich, Prince of Novgorod was born in 1020; stierf on 4 okt 1052; was begraven inSt Sophia Cathedral, Novgorod, Novgorod, Rossija (Russia, Rusland).
    2. 7. Anastasia Yaroslavovna of Kiev was born circa 1023; stierf circa 1090inSteiermark, .
    3. Iziaslav, Grand prince of Kiev was born in 1024; stierf on 3 okt 1078inNizhyn, Chernihiv, Ukraine; was begraven inChurch of the Tithes, Kiev, Kiev, Kyivs'ka oblast, Ukraine.
    4. Elisaveta (Elisabeth) Yaroslavna, Dronning av Norge was born in 1025; stierf circa 1067.
    5. Sviatoslav Yaroslavich, Sviatoslav II, Grand prince of Kiev was born in 1027; stierf on 27 dec 1076inKiev, Ukraine; was begraven inHoly Savior Cathedral, Chernihiv, Chernihiv, Ukraine.
    6. Agatha was born vóór 1030; stierf na 1070.
    7. Anna (Agnes) Yaroslavna, reine de France was born circa 1030 in Kiev, Ukraine; stierf on 5 sep 1075inFrance; was begraven inVilliers Abbey, Le Ferte Alais, Essonne, France.
    8. Vsevolod Yaroslavich, prince of Kiev was born circa 1030 in Kiev, Ukraine; stierf on 13 apr 1093inKiev, Ukraine; was begraven inSaint Sophia Cathedral, Kiev, Kiev, Kyivs'ka oblast, Ukraine.
    9. Igor Yaroslavich was born in 1036; stierf in 1060inSmolensk, Smolensk, Smolensk, Rossija (Russia, Rusland); was begraven inHoly Savior Cathedral, Chernihiv, Chernihiv, Ukraine.