Yaroslav "Mudriy" Vladimirovich, Grand prince of Kiev

Yaroslav "Mudriy" Vladimirovich, Grand prince of Kiev

Mannelijk ca. 978 - 1054  (~ 76 jaar)

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  • Naam Yaroslav "Mudriy" Vladimirovich  
    Achtervoegsel Grand prince of Kiev 
    Geboren ca. 978  Kiev, Ukraine Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Geslacht Mannelijk 
    Overleden 20 feb 1054  Vyshgorod, Ukraine Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Patriarch & Matriarch
    Sviatoslav Igorevich, Grandduke of Kiev,   geb. jul 942, Kiev, Ukraine Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. mrt 972, Khortytsia, Zaporizhska Oblast, Ukraine Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd ~ 29 jaar)  (Grootvader) 
    Edla, hertiginna av Venden  (Overgrootmoeder) 
    Persoon-ID I7395  Spinder
    Laatst gewijzigd op 12 sep 2014 

    Vader Vladimir Sviatoslavich, Grandduke of Kiev,   geb. ca. 957, Pskov, Pskovskaya Oblast, Rossija (Russia, Rusland) Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. 15 jul 1015, Berestovo,Kiev, Ukraine Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd ~ 58 jaar)
    Andere partners; Anna Porphyrogeneta  getr. 19 mei 989  
    Moeder Rogneda Ragnvaldsdottir Polotskaya,   geb. 962, Polatsk, Vitebsk Province, Belarus Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. 1002, Polatsk, Vitebsk Province, Belarus Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd 40 jaar) 
    Getrouwd 977  Kiev, Ukraine Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Gezins-ID F2376  Gezinsblad  |  Familiekaart

    Gezin Ingegerd Olafsdotter, Prinsesse av Sverige,   geb. 1001, Sigtuna, Uppsala, Uppsala l Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. 10 feb 1050, Kiev, Ukraine Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd 49 jaar) 
    Getrouwd 1019 
    Kinderen 
     1. Vladimir Yaroslavich, Prince of Novgorod,   geb. 1020,   ovl. 4 okt 1052  (Leeftijd 32 jaar)
    +2. Anastasia Yaroslavovna of Kiev,   geb. ca. 1023,   ovl. ca. 1090, Steiermark, Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd ~ 67 jaar)
     3. Iziaslav, Grand prince of Kiev,   geb. 1024,   ovl. 3 okt 1078, Nizhyn, Chernihiv, Ukraine Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd 54 jaar)
     4. Elisaveta (Elisabeth) Yaroslavna, Dronning av Norge,   geb. 1025,   ovl. ca. 1067  (Leeftijd 42 jaar)
    +5. Sviatoslav Yaroslavich, Sviatoslav II, Grand prince of Kiev,   geb. 1027,   ovl. 27 dec 1076, Kiev, Ukraine Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd 49 jaar)
    Killikiya (Cecilia)  getr. ca. 1045;   Oda von Stade  getr. ca. 1065
     6. Agatha,   geb. vóór 1030,   ovl. na 1070  (Leeftijd > 41 jaar)
     7. Anna (Agnes) Yaroslavna, reine de France,   geb. ca. 1030, Kiev, Ukraine Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. 5 sep 1075, France Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd ~ 45 jaar)
    +8. Vsevolod Yaroslavich, prince of Kiev,   geb. ca. 1030, Kiev, Ukraine Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. 13 apr 1093, Kiev, Ukraine Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd ~ 63 jaar)
     9. Igor Yaroslavich,   geb. 1036,   ovl. 1060, Smolensk, Smolensk, Smolensk, Rossija (Russia, Rusland) Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd 24 jaar)
    Laatst gewijzigd op 5 okt 2014 
    Gezins-ID F2373  Gezinsblad  |  Familiekaart

  • Gebeurteniskaart
    Link naar Google MapsGeboren - ca. 978 - Kiev, Ukraine Link naar Google Earth
     = Link naar Google Earth 
    Pin Legenda  : Adres       : Locatie       : Stad/Dorp       : Gemeente/Graafschap       : Staat/Provincie       : Land       : Nog niet ingesteld

  • Foto's
    Yaroslav Vladimirovich
    Yaroslav Vladimirovich
    COA of Kyiv
    COA of Kyiv

  • Aantekeningen 
    • --------------------

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yaroslav_I_the_Wise

      Yaroslav I the Wise (c. 978, Kiev -20 February 1054, Kiev) (East Slavic: ??????? ?????? ; Christian name: George; Old Norse: Jarizleifr) was thrice Grand Prince of Novgorod and Kiev, uniting the two principalities for a time under his rule. During his lengthy reign, Kievan Rus' reached a zenith of its cultural flowering and military power.

      His way to the throne

      Coins of Yaroslav and his descendants represent the trident.Early years of Yaroslav's life are enshrouded in mystery. He was one of the numerous sons of Vladimir the Great, presumably his second by Rogneda of Polotsk, although his actual age (as stated in the Primary Chronicle and corroborated by the examination of his skeleton in the 1930s) would place him among the youngest children of Vladimir. It has been suggested that he was a child begotten out of wedlock after Vladimir's divorce with Rogneda and his marriage to Anna Porphyrogeneta, or even that he was a child of Anna Porphyrogeneta herself. Yaroslav figures prominently in the Norse Sagas under the name of Jarisleif the Lame; his legendary lameness (probably resulting from an arrow wound) was corroborated by the scientists who examined his relics.

      In his youth, Yaroslav was sent by his father to rule the northern lands around Rostov the Great but was transferred to Novgorod the Great, as befitted a senior heir to the throne, in 1010. While living there, he founded the town of Yaroslavl (literally, Yaroslav's) on the Volga. His relations with father were apparently strained, and grew only worse on the news that Vladimir bequeathed the Kievan throne to his younger son, Boris. In 1014 Yaroslav refused to pay tribute to Kiev and only Vladimir's death prevented a war.

      During the next four years Yaroslav waged a complicated and bloody war for Kiev against his half-brother Sviatopolk, who was supported by his father-in-law, Duke Boleslaus I of Poland. During the course of this struggle, several other brothers (Boris and Gleb, Svyatoslav) were brutally murdered. The Primary Chronicle accused Svyatopolk of planning those murders, while the Saga of Eymund is often interpreted as recounting the story of Boris's assassination by the Varangians in the service of Yaroslav.

      Yaroslav defeated Svyatopolk in their first battle, in 1016, and Svyatopolk fled to Poland. But Svyatopolk returned with Polish troops furnished by his father-in-law Duke Boleslaus of Poland, seized Kiev and pushed Yaroslav back into Novgorod. In 1019, Yaroslav eventually prevailed over Svyatopolk and established his rule over Kiev. One of his first actions as a grand prince was to confer on the loyal Novgorodians (who had helped him to regain the throne), numerous freedoms and privileges. Thus, the foundation for the Novgorod Republic was laid. The Novgorodians respected Yaroslav more than other Kievan princes and the princely residence in the city, next to the marketplace (and where the veche often convened) was named the Yaroslavovo Dvorishche after him. It is thought that it was at that period that Yaroslav promulgated the first code of laws in the East Slavic lands, the Yaroslav's Justice, better known as Russkaya Pravda.

      His reign

      The Ukrainian hryvnia represents Yaroslav.Leaving aside the legitimacy of Yaroslav's claims to the Kievan throne and his postulated guilt in the murder of his brothers, Nestor and later Russian historians often represented him as a model of virtue and styled him the Wise. A less appealing side of his personality may be revealed by the fact that he imprisoned his younger brother Sudislav for life. Yet another brother, Mstislav of Tmutarakan, whose distant realm bordered on the Northern Caucasus and the Black Sea, hastened to Kiev and inflicted a heavy defeat on Yaroslav in 1024. Thereupon Yaroslav and Mstislav divided Kievan Rus: the area stretching left from the Dnieper, with the capital at Chernigiv, was ceded to Mstislav until his death in 1036.

      In his foreign policy, Yaroslav relied on the Scandinavian alliance and attempted to weaken the Byzantine influence on Kiev. In 1030 he reconquered from the Poles Red Rus, and concluded an alliance with king Casimir I the Restorer, sealed by the latter's marriage to Yaroslav's sister Maria. In another successful military raid the same year, he conquered the Estonian fortress of Tarbatu, built his own fort in that place, which went by the name of Yuriev (after St George, or Yury, Yaroslav's patron saint) and forced the surrounding province of Ugaunia to pay annual tribute.

      In 1043 Yaroslav staged a naval raid against Constantinople led by his son Vladimir and general Vyshata. Although the Rus' navy was defeated, Yaroslav managed to conclude the war with a favourable treaty and prestigious marriage of his son Vsevolod to the emperor's daughter. It has been suggested that the peace was so advantageous because the Kievans had succeeded in taking a key Byzantine possession in Crimea, Chersones.

      To defend his state from the Pechenegs and other nomadic tribes threatening it from the south he constructed a line of forts, composed of Yuriev, Boguslav, Kaniv, Korsun, and Pereyaslav. To celebrate his decisive victory over the Pechenegs in 1036 (who thereupon never were a threat to Kiev) he sponsored the construction of the Saint Sophia Cathedral in 1037. Other celebrated monuments of his reign, such as the Golden Gates of Kiev, have since perished.

      Yaroslav was a notable patron of book culture and learning. In 1051, he had a Russian monk Ilarion proclaimed the metropolitan of Kiev, thus challenging old Byzantine tradition of placing Greeks on the episcopal sees. Ilarion's discourse on Yaroslav and his father Vladimir is frequently cited as the first work of Old Russian literature.

      Family life and posterity

      Yaroslav and his wife Irene are buried in the 13-domed Saint Sophia Cathedral they built in KievIn 1019, Yaroslav married Ingegerd Olofsdotter, daughter of the king of Sweden, and gave Ladoga to her as a marriage gift. There are good reasons to believe that before that time he had been married to a woman named Anna, of disputed extraction.

      In the Saint Sophia Cathedral, one may see a fresco representing the whole family: Yaroslav, Irene (as Ingigerd was known in Rus), their five daughters and five sons. Yaroslav married three of his daughters to foreign princes who lived in exile at his court: Elizabeth to Harald III of Norway (who had attained her hand by his military exploits in the Byzantine Empire); Anastasia of Kiev to the future Andrew I of Hungary, and the youngest daughter Anne of Kiev married Henry I of France and was the regent of France during their son's minority. Another daughter may have been the Agatha who married Edward the Exile, heir to the throne of England and was the mother of Edgar