Rogvolod "den gamle" Ulfsson, Jarl i Vesterg

Mannelijk ca. 920 - 980  (~ 60 jaar)


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  • Naam Rogvolod "den gamle" Ulfsson  
    Achtervoegsel Jarl i Vesterg 
    Geboren ca. 920  G Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Geslacht Mannelijk 
    Overleden 980  Polatsk, Vitebsk Province, Belarus Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Oorzaak: Executed by son-in-law after watching forced "marriage" of daughter  
    Begraven Norge Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Persoon-ID I7402  Spinder
    Laatst gewijzigd op 12 sep 2014 

    Gezin Astrid Olofsdotter, Prinsesse av Sverige,   geb. ca. 1000, Sverige Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. 1047, Norge Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd ~ 47 jaar) 
    Kinderen 
    +1. Rogneda Ragnvaldsdottir Polotskaya,   geb. 962, Polatsk, Vitebsk Province, Belarus Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. 1002, Polatsk, Vitebsk Province, Belarus Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd 40 jaar)
    Laatst gewijzigd op 12 sep 2014 
    Gezins-ID F2377  Gezinsblad  |  Familiekaart

  • Gebeurteniskaart
    Link naar Google MapsGeboren - ca. 920 - G Link naar Google Earth
    Link naar Google MapsBegraven - - Norge Link naar Google Earth
     = Link naar Google Earth 

  • Aantekeningen 
    • Rogvolod (or Rogovolod) (d. c. 978) was a Prince of Polotsk, the Varangian father of Rogneda, founder of a dynasty, and party to an internecine struggle in 975-980.

      Historical evidence

      The story of Rogvolod are found in many ancient chronicles of 980 to 1128, but all can be traced to one printed source (as well as several oral sources):

      The Chronicle under 980:

      Vladimir returned to Novgorod with the Vikings... and sent forth the difficult question of the Prince of Polotsk, saying: "I want to marry your daughter." The father asked his daughter: "Will you marry Vladimir?" To which she replied: "I do not want the unshod son of a slave, but I want to marry Yaropolk. Rogvolod came from beyond the sea and held power in Polotsk, and in the past held power in Turov (thus earning the nickname "Turovtsev"). When came the servants of Vladimir, he told them of the whole response of Rogneda, daughter of Prince Rogvolod of Polotsk. Vladimir collected many soldiers - Normans, Slovenes, Chud, and Kryvichy, and marched on Rogvolod. He demanded to have Rogneda, rather than Yaropolk. Vladimir attacked Polotsk and killed Rogvolod and his two sons, and forced Rogvolod's daughter to marry him.

      The Suzdal Chronicle on the Laurentian list under 1128:

      About the same Vseslavich it is clearly told that Rogvolod was in possession of Polotsk, and held it, and reigned in it. Vladimir was in Novgorod, a minor and a pagan, and sent his uncle, the brave governor and administrator of Dobrynya, with a difficult task, to ask for the daughter to marry Vladimir. This Rogvolod came from frozen lands and owned Polotsk. Dobrynya, filled with rage, took his men and marched on Polotsk and defeated Rogvolod. Rogvolod fled the city as Dobrynya approached and took the city, while the prince caught up with Rogvolod, his wife, and his daughter, the latter of whom she called the son of a slave. Vladimir commanded her to be with him before her mother and father. Vladimir then killed her father and forced her to marry. She said "I am saddened because my father has been killed and his land was captured because of me." And since then, the sword has been drawn between the grandchildren of Rogvolod and the grandchildren of Yaroslav.

      Tatischev passes along information about Rogvolod in the Yoakimovskoy Chronicle: "Vladimir returned from the Varyag with an army and collected other men of Novgorod, and with them went to the Prince of Polotsk Rogvolda, because he had won the parish of Novgorod. Rogvolod is not merely a vassal of Yaropolk, but also an active ally in the internecine struggles of 975-978.

      Views of Historians:

      References to the name Rogvolod

      Rydzewski and Jackson are recognized as authorities, and they suggest that the name Rogvolod and the name of his daughter Rogneda are possibly explained as Scandinavian and have a characteristic alliteration. The Nordic version of the name Rogvolod is Regnvald, and Rogneda is Ragnhild.

      A number of pre-Revolutionary Russian historians - Golubovsky, Kostomarov, Dovnar-Zapolsky - doubted the Varangian origin of the Princes of Polotsk. There is an explanation that Rogvolod is from the slavic word "Horn" and Volodya (or Vsevolod).

      Given that the word "Horn" in Old Russian language (as in many Indo-European languages) means a scepter, the visible symbol of power, this translation on behalf of Rogvolod requires no Scandinavian exaggeration. It means "mastering authority," and Rogneda means "gentle authority, born to power." Marrying this with the response to Dobrynya, it means: I do not want to be a Russian slave. This position is maintained by Timofeev.

      Historicity of Rogvolod

      Historians do not fully trust the Chronicle, calling attention to keeping it being a difficult task. Rydzewski does not deny the possibility that "the legend of Rogvolod as a Norman was created" and can only be dynastic, "with the spirit such as those already absolutely fantastic genealogies that are known in Russian historiography, the Moscow period. Perhaps the tradition goes back to the saga, prevailing in Polotsk no later than the end of the 9th century and beginning of the 12th.

      Thus there are two versions of the origin of the prince. In one, he is a representative of a local dynasty. Slavs Rogvolod and Rogneda are knowledgeable of Slavic wedding customs. According to another version, Rogvolod is the Viking Regnvald.

      V. Konovalov identifies him as Regnvald the Ilustrious (Olafsson), King in Vestfolde. "This song is called the list of Ynglings. Regnvald was the son of Olaf Alva Geyrstadira, brother of Halvdan the Black. The song is called 30 ancestors of Regnvald" Regnvald Olafsson was a Norwegian who lived in the 8th century, and information about him has survived.

      Melnikov and Jackson see similar information between the Chronicles and the Scandinavian saga "Strand of Eymunde" (13th century), which addresses the issue of Scandinavian possession of Polotsk. This is the story of such an occupation taking place in 1015-1019. Historians believe it to be fiction, by which is based the recollection of a Varangian Prince of Polotsk. In the saga is an active participant, Jarl Regnvald Ulfsson, a near relative of the Swedish Ingegerd, wife of Yaroslav the Wise, who ruled in Ladoga. Despite the literary tradition, Regnvald Ulfsson is a historical personality and cannot be identified with Rogvolod, Prince of Polotsk, though it is believed that they have the same name, and he is an alleged descendant of Gyuryata Rogovic, Prince of Novgorod, or so informs the Chronicle (Article 1096). These need to be taken into account only if you accept that Rogvolod is legendary and his name is fictional.

      Rogvolod's name was given to his son and grandson Vseslav of Polotsk (11th century). The shunned progeny of Vladimir felt themselves to be affiliated more as Rogvolod's grandchildren - the female line. His own demise was not based on the awards to Izyaslav of Vladimir, but from the line of succession from a difficult task. Thus, despite the legendary sources of Prince Rogvolod, we cannot dought his historicity, as the mention of his daughter Rogneda are chronicled early, back to the first half of the 11th century.

      Chronology of events

      The Chronicle dates are very conventional. From the "Tales of Bygone years," internecine war between the sons of Svyatoslav began in 975, and Vladimir, who fled the strife, returned to Novgorod and attacked Polotsk no earlier than 977. The fight ended, during which Rogvolod was killed, no later than 980.

      Jacob Mnich (11th century) on the one hand confirms the date of 980, saying that Prince Vladimir did all this in the 8th year after the death of Svyatoslav (972), but indicates an exact date of the completion of strife - June 11, 6486, or 978. This date is known and the authors of the "Tales of Bygone Years," as he began a story about the sons of Vladimir feuding under 977, and article 1054 indicates that Yaroslav the Wise, son of Rogneda, lived 76 years - that is, the Chronicler was guided by the same 978. If we take these data as reliable, Rogvolod could not be killed later than 978.

      In 2007, an archeological excavation discovered layers from the end of the 10th century consistent with a huge conflagration. Perhaps further research will disclose the events related to the murder of Rogvolod in more detail and give their precise dating.

      Children

      Rogvolod had an unknown wife with two sons who were killed together along with their father during the capture of Polotsk by Vladimir Svyatoslavich, c. 977. They also had a daughter Rogneda, who was forced to marry Vladimir. Rogvolod's descendants were not only these, but also Yaroslav descendants (OUR ANCESTRY), as Yaroslav the Wise several times was called by the Chronicle the son of Rogneda.

      ----------------------

      These Ragnvalds are mis-merged (they are for a Ragnvald whose importance to the marriage of Ingegerd with Vladimir's son Yaroslav took place well after Rognvald von Polotsk's death):

      Ragnvald Ulfsson var jarl i V