Kazimierz (Casimir) "Odnowiciel", Duke of Poland

Kazimierz (Casimir) "Odnowiciel", Duke of Poland

Mannelijk 1016 - 1058  (42 jaar)

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  • Naam Kazimierz (Casimir) "Odnowiciel"  
    Achtervoegsel Duke of Poland 
    Geboren 25 jul 1016  Kraków (Krakau), MaÅ‚opolskie, Polska (Poland) Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Geslacht Mannelijk 
    Overleden 28 nov 1058  Pozn Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Patriarch & Matriarch
    Mieszko Piast, Kr,   geb. 922,   ovl. 992  (Leeftijd 70 jaar)  (Overgrootvader) 
    Anastaso Adralestina,   geb. ca. 870, Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (4 x Overgrootmoeder) 
    Persoon-ID I7873  Spinder
    Laatst gewijzigd op 19 aug 2022 

    Vader Mieszko Lambert Piast, Mieszko II, King of Poland,   geb. 990, Pozn Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. 10 mei 1034, Krak Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd 44 jaar) 
    Moeder Rycheza Ezzonen von Lotharingen, Queen of Poland,   geb. ca. 995, Lorraine, France Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. 21 mrt 1063, Saalfeld an der Saale, Saalfeld-Rudolstadt, Th Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd ~ 68 jaar) 
    Gezins-ID F2307  Gezinsblad  |  Familiekaart

    Gezin Maria Dobroniega Vladimirovna,   geb. 1011, Kiev, Ukraine Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. 1087, Krak Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd 76 jaar) 
    Getrouwd 1039 
    Kinderen 
    +1. Wladyslaw Herman, King of Poland,   geb. 1043, Krak Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. 4 jun 1102, Plock, Mazowieckie, Polska Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd 59 jaar)
    Laatst gewijzigd op 1 okt 2014 
    Gezins-ID F2582  Gezinsblad  |  Familiekaart

  • Gebeurteniskaart
    Link naar Google MapsGeboren - 25 jul 1016 - Kraków (Krakau), Małopolskie, Polska (Poland) Link naar Google Earth
     = Link naar Google Earth 

  • Foto's
    Poland
    Poland

  • Aantekeningen 
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casimir_I_the_Restorer

      Casimir I the Restorer (Polish: Kazimierz I Odnowiciel; 25 July 1016 ? 28 November 1058), was a Duke of Poland of the Piast dynasty and the de facto monarch of the entire country. He is known as the Restorer mostly because he managed to reunite all parts of the Polish Kingdom after a period of turmoil. He reinstated Masovia, Silesia and Pomerania into his realm. Son of Mieszko II Lambert and Richensa of Lotharingia, Casimir failed to crown himself the King of Poland, mainly because of internal and external threats to his rule.

      Relatively little is known of Casimir's early life. Born to Mieszko II of Poland and Richensa of Lotharingia, the granddaughter of Emperor Otto II, he must have spent his childhood at the royal court of Poland in Gniezno. Casimir seems to have been destined for the cloth as he was sent away to monastery in 1026. He left the church, however, in 1031.

      [edit] Circumstances of Casimir's flight from Poland

      Casimir's father Mieszko II was crowned the king of Poland in 1025 after the death of Boleslaw I Chrobry. However, powerful magnates feared a strong central government reminiscent of Boleslaw's rule. This situation led to considerable friction between crown and nobility. Taking advantage of the king's precarious situation, Mieszko's brothers Bezprym and Otton turned against him and allied themselves with Emperor Conrad II whose forces attacked the country, regaining Lusatia. Years of chaos and conflict followed, during which Mieszko II died (A.D. 1034) in suspicious circumstances after he was forced to abdicate. Following his fathers death Casimir attempted to seize the throne in 1034. This precipitated a Barons rebellion, which coupled with the so called "Pagan Reaction" of the commoners forced Casimir to flee to Saxony (A.D. 1034). Casimir returned to Poland and in 1038, once again, tried to regain power with the aide of his influential mother. This also failed and Casimir had to flee to the Kingdom of Hungary where he was imprisoned by Stephen I.

      [edit] Interregnum

      The central parts of Poland were controlled by Bezprym. The central district of Wielkopolska revolted against the nobles and catholic clergy in a mass rebellion.pagan revival ensued there for some years. The district of Masovia seceded and a local landlord named Miec?aw formed a state of his own there. A similar situation took place in Pomerania. Taking advantage of the chaos and his neighbour's weakness, Duke Bretislaus I of Bohemia, invaded and revaged the country. After a short struggle Bretislaus I gained control of Silesia, took Ma?opolska along with Cracow and severely pillaged Greater Poland, burning Gniezno to the ground and looting the relics of Saint Adalbert. Greater Poland was in fact razed so completely that it ceased to function as a primary power base of the Polish kingdom.

      [edit] Restoration

      The following year the new Holy Roman Emperor, Henry III, allied himself with the exiled Polish ruler against the Bohemians. Casimir was given a troop of 1,000 heavy footmen and a significant amount of gold to restore his power in the country. Casimir also signed an alliance with Yaroslav I the Wise, the Prince of Kievan Rus'. The alliance was sealed by Casimir's marriage with Yaroslav's sister, Maria Dobronega. With such support Casimir returned to Poland and managed to retake most of his domain. In 1041, the defeated Bretislaus signed a treaty at Regensburg in which he renounced his claims to all Polish lands except for Silesia, which was to be incorporated into the Crown of Bohemia. It was Casimir's success in strengthening royal power and ending internal strife that earned him the epithet of "the Restorer".

      The treaty gained Casimir a period of peace at the southern border and the capital of Poland was moved to Krak