Anna (Agnes) Yaroslavna, reine de France

Vrouwelijk ca. 1030 - 1075  (~ 45 jaar)


Persoonlijke informatie    |    Aantekeningen    |    Gebeurteniskaart    |    Alles    |    PDF

  • Naam Anna (Agnes) Yaroslavna  
    Achtervoegsel reine de France 
    Geboren ca. 1030  Kiev, Ukraine Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Geslacht Vrouwelijk 
    Overleden 5 sep 1075  France Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Begraven Villiers Abbey, Le Ferte Alais, Essonne, France Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats 
    Patriarch & Matriarch
    Sviatoslav Igorevich, Grandduke of Kiev,   geb. jul 942, Kiev, Ukraine Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. mrt 972, Khortytsia, Zaporizhska Oblast, Ukraine Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd ~ 29 jaar)  (Overgrootvader) 
    Sophia,   geb. 921, Magyarorsz Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. 18 jun 995, Sverige Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd 74 jaar)  (Overgrootmoeder) 
    Persoon-ID I7929  Spinder
    Laatst gewijzigd op 5 okt 2014 

    Vader Yaroslav "Mudriy" Vladimirovich, Grand prince of Kiev,   geb. ca. 978, Kiev, Ukraine Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. 20 feb 1054, Vyshgorod, Ukraine Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd ~ 76 jaar) 
    Moeder Ingegerd Olafsdotter, Prinsesse av Sverige,   geb. 1001, Sigtuna, Uppsala, Uppsala l Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats,   ovl. 10 feb 1050, Kiev, Ukraine Zoek alle personen met gebeurtenissen in deze plaats  (Leeftijd 49 jaar) 
    Getrouwd 1019 
    Gezins-ID F2373  Gezinsblad  |  Familiekaart

  • Gebeurteniskaart
    Link naar Google MapsGeboren - ca. 1030 - Kiev, Ukraine Link naar Google Earth
    Link naar Google MapsOverleden - 5 sep 1075 - France Link naar Google Earth
     = Link naar Google Earth 
    Pin Legenda  : Adres       : Locatie       : Stad/Dorp       : Gemeente/Graafschap       : Staat/Provincie       : Land       : Nog niet ingesteld

  • Aantekeningen 
    • Anne of Kyiv (born Anna Yaroslavna, also called "Agnes" or "Anne of Rus'"; c. 1030 ? 1075) was the Ruthenian queen consort of Henry I of France from 1051 to 1060, and regent for her son, Philip I of France. Her parents were Yaroslav the Wise, Grand Prince of Kyiv and Novgorod, and Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden, his second wife. Anne founded St. Vincent Abbey in Senlis.

      Anne was born in Kyiv between 1024 and 1032.

      After the death of his first wife, Matilda of Frisia, King Henry searched the courts of Europe for a suitable bride, but could not locate a princess who was not related to him within legal degrees of kinship. At last he sent an embassy to distant Kyiv, which returned with Anne (also called Agnes). Anne and Henry were married at the cathedral of Reims on May 19, 1051.
      A diploma signed by Anne and her son Philip in 1063.

      The new queen consort was not instantly attracted to her new realm. She wrote to her father that Francia was "a barbarous country where the houses are gloomy, the churches ugly and the customs revolting."[1] Anna complained that the French could not write and read, and did not wash themselves. Anna of Kyiv could write and read five languages, including Greek and Latin, while her husband and his entire court could not write and read, and signed themselves with a cross. At her wedding banquet, she was shocked to have only three dishes, while at her father's court in Rus', she had five dinner dishes every day. Anna could ride a horse, was knowledgeable in politics, and actively participated in governing France, especially after her husband died. Many French documents bear her signature, written in old Slavic language ("??? ?????", that is, "Anna Regina", "Anna the Queen"). Pope Nicholas II, who was greatly surprised with Anne's great political abilities, wrote her a letter: "Honorable lady, the fame of your virtues has reached our ears, and, with great joy, we hear that you are performing your royal duties at this very Christian state with commendable zeal and brilliant mind." Henry the First respected his wife Anna so much that his many decrees bear the inscription "With the consent of my wife Anna" and "In the presence of Queen Anna". French historians point out that there are no other cases in the French history, when Royal decrees bear such inscriptions.

      Anne is often credited with introducing the name "Philip" to royal families of Western Europe, as she bestowed it on her first son; she might have imported this Greek name (Philippos, from philos and hippos, meaning "loves horses") from her Eastern Orthodox culture.[2]
      Regency

      For six years after Henry's death in 1060, she served as regent for Philip, who was only eight at the time. She was the first queen of France to serve as regent. Her co-regent was Count Baldwin V of Flanders. Anne was a literate woman, rare for the time, but there was some opposition to her as regent on the grounds that her mastery of French was less than fluent.

      A year after the king's death, Anne, acting as regent, took a passionate fancy for Count Ralph III of Valois, a man whose political ambition encouraged him to repudiate his wife to marry Anne in 1062. Accused of adultery, Ralph's wife appealed to Pope Alexander II, who excommunicated the couple. The young king Philip forgave his mother, which was just as well, since he was to find himself in a very similar predicament in the 1090s. Ralph died in September 1074, at which time Anne returned to the French court. She died in 1075, was buried at Villiers Abbey, La Ferte-Alais, Essonne and her obits were celebrated on 5 September. All subsequent French kings were her progeny.
      Children

      With Henry I of France:

      Philip I of France (23 May 1052 ? 30 July 1108)
      Robert (c. 1055 ? c. 1060)
      Emma (1055 ? c. 1109)
      Hugh I, Count of Vermandois (1057 ? 18 October 1102)