Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA



 


Aantekeningen: The name "Chicago" is the French rendering of the Miami-Illinois name shikaakwa, meaning wild leek (an analogical extension of the original meaning of "skunk").[3][4][5]

During the mid-18th century the Chicago area was inhabited primarily by Potawatomis, who took the place of the Miami and Sauk and Fox people. The first settler in Chicago, Haitian Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable, arrived in the 1770s, married a Potawatomi woman, and founded the area's first trading post. In 1803, the United States Army built Fort Dearborn, which was destroyed in 1812 in the Fort Dearborn Massacre. The Ottawa, Ojibwa, and Potawatomi later ceded the land to the United States in the Treaty of St. Louis of 1816. On August 12, 1833, the Town of Chicago was organized with a population of 350, and within seven years it grew to a population of over 4,000. The City of Chicago was incorporated on March 4, 1837.

Chicago in its first century was one of the fastest growing cities in the world, heavily promoted by Yankee entrepreneurs and land speculators. Its population reached 1 million by 1890.

Starting in 1848, the city became an important transportation link between the eastern and western United States with the opening of the Galena & Chicago Union Railroad, Chicago's first railway, and the Illinois and Michigan Canal, which allowed steamboats and sailing ships on the Great Lakes to connect through Chicago to the Mississippi River. With a flourishing economy that brought many new residents from rural communities and Irish American, Polish American, Swedish American, German American and numerous other immigrants, Chicago grew from a city of 299,000 to nearly 1.7 million between 1880 and 1900. The city's manufacturing and retail sectors dominated the Midwest and greatly influenced the American economy, with the Union Stock Yards dominating the meat packing trade.


State Street in 1907After the Great Chicago Fire of 1871 destroyed a third of the city, including the entire central business district, Chicago experienced rapid rebuilding and growth.[6] During Chicago's rebuilding period, the first skyscraper was constructed in 1885 using steel-skeleton construction. In 1893, Chicago hosted the World's Columbian Exposition on former marshland at the present location of Jackson Park. The Exposition drew 27.5 million visitors, and is considered among the most influential world's fairs in history.[7] The University of Chicago had been founded one year earlier in 1892 on the same location. The term "midway" for a fair or carnival referred originally to the Midway Plaisance, a strip of park land that still runs through the University of Chicago campus and connects Washington and Jackson Parks.

The city was the site of labor conflicts and unrest during this period, which included the Haymarket Riot on May 4, 1886. Concern for social problems among Chicago's lower classes led to the founding of Hull House in 1889, of which Jane Addams was a co-founder. The city also invested in many large, well-landscaped municipal parks, which also included public sanitation facilities.


The Chicago River at nightBeginning in 1855, Chicago constructed the first comprehensive sewer system in the U.S., requiring the level of downtown streets to be raised as much as 10 feet (3 meters). However, the untreated sewage and industrial waste flowed from the Chicago River into Lake Michigan, polluting the primary source of fresh water for the city. The city responded by tunneling two miles (3 km) out into Lake Michigan to newly built water cribs. Nonetheless, spring rains continued to carry polluted water as far out as the water intakes. In 1900, the problem of sewage was largely solved by definitively reversing the direction of the river's flow with the construction of the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal leading to the Illinois River.

The 1920s brought notoriety to Chicago as gangsters (including the notorious Al Capone) battled each other and the law during the Prohibition era. Nevertheless, the 1920s saw a large increase in industry with arrivals of the Great Migration which led thousands of Southern blacks to Chicago and other Northern cities. In 1933, Mayor Anton Cermak was shot dead, possibly as a part of the gangland reprisal. On December 2, 1942, the world's first controlled nuclear reaction was conducted at the University of Chicago as part of the top secret Manhattan Project.


State Street looking north.Mayor Richard J. Daley was elected in 1955, in the era of so-called machine politics. Starting in the 1950s, many upper and middle-class citizens left the inner-city of Chicago for the suburbs and left many impoverished neighborhoods in their wake. Nevertheless, the city hosted the 1968 Democratic National Convention and saw the construction of the Sears Tower (which in 1974 became the world's tallest building), McCormick Place, and O'Hare Airport. When longtime mayor Richard J. Daley, died, Michael Bilandic was mayor for three years. His loss in a primary election has been attributed to the city's poor performance during a heavy snow storm. In 1979 Jane Byrne, the city's first female mayor, was elected. She popularized the city as a movie location and tourist destination, but also failed to manage its finances well.

In 1983 Harold Washington became the first African American to be elected to the office of mayor in one of the closest mayoral elections in Chicago. Republican candidate Bernard Epton ran on the slogan "Before it's too late," viewed by critics as a veiled appeal to racial politics.[8] Washington's term in office saw new attention given to poor and minority neighborhoods, and reduced the longtime dominance of city contracts and employment by ethnic whites. Current mayor Richard M. Daley, son of the late Richard J. Daley, was first elected in 1989. New projects during the younger Daley's administration have made Chicago larger, more environmentally friendly, and more accessible.[9]

Since the early 1990s, some of Chicago's formerly abandoned neighborhoods are showing new life. Neighborhoods, such as the South Loop, West Loop, Wicker Park/Bucktown, Uptown, and others, have attracted middle-class and younger residents. The city has made considerable investment in infrastructure, revitalizing downtown theaters and retail districts, and improving lakefront and riverfront cityscapes.

OpenStreetMap

Stad/Dorp : Latitude (Breedte): 41.85, Longitude (Lengte): -87.65


Geboorte

Treffers 1 t/m 30 van 30

   Familienaam, Voorna(a)m(en)    Geboorte    Persoon-ID 
1 Bouwman, Henry  23 mrt 1903Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I43036
2 Bultema, Anna  06 mei 1904Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I56656
3 Ganzeveld, Annie  27 jan 1889Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I19204
4 Ganzeveld, Janna (Jeanette, Janet)  28 okt 1897Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I19203
5 Ganzeveld, Jennie  13 jul 1901Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I19206
6 Ganzeveld, Sadie  20 jan 1895Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I19202
7 Ganzeveld, William John  11 aug 1899Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I19205
8 Highstone, Susan Ann  25 okt 1941Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I24810
9 Kuiken, Anna  21 mei 1905Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I56579
10 Nydam, Dorothy  1924Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I55199
11 Nydam, Maurice A. (Moe)  20 dec 1927Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I55201
12 Nydam, Peter  1925Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I55200
13 Nydam, Robert  1929Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I55202
14 Plantenga, Dick  15 jun 1921Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I53028
15 Plantenga, Gerrit (Garret)  feb 1893Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I53023
16 Plantenga, Gerrit (Garret)  20 apr 1918Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I53027
17 Plantenga, Janette (Jennie)  06 feb 1914Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I53024
18 Plantenga, Nellie  30 apr 1916Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I53026
19 Plantenga, Peter  15 jun 1921Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I53029
20 Plantenga, Petronella  30 apr 1916Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I53025
21 Spender, M.K.   I56639
22 Spender, Peter  04 jul 1901Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I56578
23 Spender, Sjoukje (Susie)  06 sep 1898Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I51053
24 Spender, Wesley Dale  13 sep 1937Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I56661
25 Spinder, Simon  29 dec 1903Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I43053
26 Tasselaar (Tazelaar), Lena Flora  01 aug 1911Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I405
27 Tazelaar, Gertrude  1920Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I19260
28 Tazelaar, Gladys Martha  30 mrt 1913Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I19256
29 Tazelaar, Howard Dale “Howie”  22 jul 1939Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I19282
30 Tazelaar, Marie Christine  1915Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I19269

Overleden

Treffers 1 t/m 16 van 16

   Familienaam, Voorna(a)m(en)    Overleden    Persoon-ID 
1 de Vries, Ype (Epe)  13 dec 1920Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I56576
2 de Waard, Jantje (Jane)  19 nov 1951Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I476
3 Ganzeveld, Annie  7 sep 1889Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I19204
4 Koster, Henry  14 feb 1989Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I19277
5 Kuiken, Anna  19 aug 2007Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I56579
6 Nydam, Maurice A. (Moe)  04 okt 2008Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I55201
7 Plantenga, Dick  15 jun 1921Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I53028
8 Plantenga, Gerrit (Garret)  08 jul 1990Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I53027
9 Plantenga, Peter  15 jun 1921Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I53029
10 Plantenga, Petronella  14 dec 1916Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I53025
11 Spender, Geesien (Grace)  17 jun 1921Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I477
12 Spender, Peter  dec 1968Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I56578
13 Spender, Sjoukje (Susie)  apr 1990Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I51053
14 Spinder, Andries (Andrew)  02 sep 1943Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I51052
15 Spinder, Pieter (Peter)  5 jul 1906Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I43029
16 Tazelaar, Marcus (Mark)  14 okt 1962Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I19254


Treffers 1 t/m 1 van 1

   Familienaam, Voorna(a)m(en)        Persoon-ID 
1 Spinder, Andries (Andrew)  11 mrt 1943Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I51052


Treffers 1 t/m 1 van 1

   Familienaam, Voorna(a)m(en)        Persoon-ID 
1 Spinder, Pieter (Peter)  1899Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA I43029

Getrouwd

Treffers 1 t/m 7 van 7

   Gezin    Getrouwd    Gezins-ID 
1 Bouwman / Spinder  15 feb 1902Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F106
2 de Vries / de Waard  26 dec 1902Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F21357
3 Ernst / Teune  13 jun 1998Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F6710
4 Ganzeveld / de Waard  19 sep 1927Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F21358
5 Plantenga / Spender  22 aug 1913Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F20178
6 Spinder / Berg  19 dec 1902Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F16949
7 Spinder / Bultema  na 1935Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA F21397