Konstantinos Skleros

Mannelijk ca. 930 - 991  (~ 61 jaar)


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  1. 1.  Konstantinos Skleros was born circa 930 in Didimoticho, Evros, Makedonia Thraki, Greece; stierf on 11 mrt 991in Didimoticho, Evros, Makedonia Thraki, Greece.

    Aantekeningen:



    Skleros

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    This article is incomplete. Please help to improve the article, or discuss the issue on the talk page. (June 2011)

    The Skleros or Sclerus (Greek: ???????; plural: ???????, Skleroi), feminine form Skleraina/Scleraena (Greek: ?????????), was a noble Byzantine family active mostly in the 9th?11th centuries.

    Contents

    [hide] 1 Origin and early members

    2 10th century 3 References 4 Sources

    Origin and early members[edit]

    The family descended from north-eastern Asia Minor, either from Lesser Armenia or the theme of Sebasteia. Due to their origin, they have been traditionally regarded as Armenians, although this is nowhere explicitly attested.[1][2][3]

    Although the family belonged to the Anatolian military aristocracy, in the 9th century its members are mostly attested as being active in the Balkans: the first Skleros known was a strategos of the Peloponnese in 805, and in 811, the same office was occupied by Leo Skleros, possibly a son or nephew of the former.[1][4] Another unnamed member of the family is recorded in the 840s as serving the Arabs and being in conflict with Umar al-Aqta, the emir of Malatya, possibly indicating a fall from favour of the family under the Amorian dynasty.[4][5] The family seems to have regained a prominent position under Basil I the Macedonian (r. 867?886), for the magistros and anthypatos Theodore Skleros is recorded in 869?870. His sons Antony and Niketas became patrikioi, with Antony serving as strategos of Hellas and Niketas possibly as admiral of the imperial fleet (droungarios tou ploimou), while he is also recorded as leading an embassy to the Magyars in 894.[1][4][6]

    10th century[edit]

    The Skleroi fall into obscurity during the reign of Leo VI the Wise (r. 886?912), who favoured the Doukas and Phokas families. In turn, the Skleroi seem to have supported Romanos Lekapenos: the general Pantherios, who has been tentatively identified as a member of the Skleros clan, became strategos of Lykandos, Thrakesion and finally Domestic of the Schools for a short time in 944?945, before being replaced by Bardas Phokas the Elder.[7][8]

    The most distinguished scion of the family, Bardas Skleros, first appears in 956 as a patrikios and strategos of the small frontier theme of Kaloudia. Bardas's siblings married into the most prominent families of the military aristocracy: Constantine Skleros married Sophia Phokaina, the niece of Nikephoros II Phokas (r. 963?969), while Maria Skleraina married Nikephoros Phokas's nephew, John Tzimiskes. The latter connection was of particular importance for the family's fortunes: although she died before Tzimiskes ascended the throne in 969, the Skleroi were promoted by him to senior positions in the state.[8] Bardas was appointed as Domestic of the Schools of the East, suppressing the revolt of the Phocas clan led by Bardas Phokas the Younger and defeating the Rus' in 970.[9] Despite a period of disgrace in 972?974, connected with a reported conspiracy against Tzimiskes, the Skleroi remained among the most important families during his reign.[1][10] In 972, Tzimiskes even married Constantine Skleros's daughter, Theophano, to the Holy Roman Emperor Otto II (r. 973?983

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skleros

    Konstantinos getrouwd Sophia Phokaina. Sophia (dochter van Bardas 'the Elder' Phokas en Maleina) was born in 930 in Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey; stierf in inIstanbul, Marmara, Turkey. [Gezinsblad]

    Kinderen:
    1. 2. Theophania Skleraina  Nakomelingen tot dit punt grafisch weergegeven was born in 956 in Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey; stierf on 15 jun 991inNijmegen, Nijmegen, Gelderland, Nederland.


Generatie: 2

  1. 2.  Theophania SklerainaTheophania Skleraina Nakomelingen tot dit punt grafisch weergegeven (1.Konstantinos1) was born in 956 in Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey; stierf on 15 jun 991inNijmegen, Nijmegen, Gelderland, Nederland.

    Aantekeningen:

    Statue at St Dionysius Church, Eschwege

    Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire Tenure 972?983 Coronation 14 April 972

    Spouse Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor

    Issue:

    Sophie I, Abbess of Gandersheim
    Adelheid I, Abbess of Quedlinburg
    Matilda, Countess Palatine of Lorraine
    Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor

    Theophanu (Greek: ??????? ?????????, Theophano Skleraina; circa 960 ? June 15, 991), also spelled Theophania (????????), Theophana or Theophano, was the niece of the Byzantine Emperor John I Tzimiskes. By her marriage with Holy Roman Emperor Otto II, she was Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire and held regency as Empress dowager upon her husband's death in 983. Her name is derived from Medieval Greek Theophaneia (?????????), "appearance of God" (Theophany).

    Family

    Marriage certificate,

    Lower Saxon State Archive, Wolfenb

    Theophania getrouwd Otto von Sachsen, Otto II, Kaiser des Heiligen R in 972inRoma, Italia. Otto (zoon van Otto "der Grosse" von Sachsen, Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches en Adelheid (Adelaide) de Bourgogne) was born in 955 in Sachsen, Deutschland; stierf on 7 dec 983inRoma, Italia; was begraven inSaint Peter's Basilica, Sankt Peter, Freiburg, Baden-W. [Gezinsblad]

    Kinderen:
    1. 3. Mathilde von Sachsen, Prinzessin des Heiligen R  Nakomelingen tot dit punt grafisch weergegeven was born in jun 979 in Sachsen, Deutschland; stierf on 4 nov 1025inEsch, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland; was begraven inBrauweiler, Pulheim, NRW, Deutschland.


Generatie: 3

  1. 3.  Mathilde von Sachsen, Prinzessin des Heiligen R Nakomelingen tot dit punt grafisch weergegeven (2.Theophania2, 1.Konstantinos1) was born in jun 979 in Sachsen, Deutschland; stierf on 4 nov 1025inEsch, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland; was begraven inBrauweiler, Pulheim, NRW, Deutschland.

    Mathilde getrouwd Ezzo (Ehrenfried) von Schwaben, Ehrenfried I, Pfalzgraf von Lotharingen. Ezzo (zoon van Hermann "Pusillus" von Eifelgau, Pfalzgraf von Lothringen en Hedwig van Bliesgau) was born circa 955 in Duisburg, NRW, Deutschland; stierf on 21 mrt 1034inSaalfeld an der Saale, Saalfeld-Rudolstadt, Th; was begraven inBrauweiler, Pulheim, NRW, Deutschland. [Gezinsblad]

    Kinderen:
    1. 4. Ludolph von Lothringen, Graaf van Zutphen  Nakomelingen tot dit punt grafisch weergegeven was born circa 990 in Zutphen, Zutphen, Gelderland, Nederland; stierf on 11 apr 1031inZutphen, Zutphen, Gelderland, Nederland.
    2. 5. Rycheza Ezzonen von Lotharingen, Queen of Poland  Nakomelingen tot dit punt grafisch weergegeven was born circa 995 in Lorraine, France; stierf on 21 mrt 1063in Saalfeld an der Saale, Saalfeld-Rudolstadt, Th; was begraven inK.


Generatie: 4

  1. 4.  Ludolph von Lothringen, Graaf van Zutphen Nakomelingen tot dit punt grafisch weergegeven (3.Mathilde3, 2.Theophania2, 1.Konstantinos1) was born circa 990 in Zutphen, Zutphen, Gelderland, Nederland; stierf on 11 apr 1031inZutphen, Zutphen, Gelderland, Nederland.

    Ludolph getrouwd Mathilde von Hammerstein, gravin van Zutphen. Mathilde (dochter van Otto von Hammerstein, Otto IV, Graaf van Zutphen en Irmgard, comtesse de Verdun) was born in 1000 in Zutphen, Zutphen, Gelderland, Nederland; stierf in 1064inZutphen, Zutphen, Gelderland, Nederland. [Gezinsblad]

    Kinderen:
    1. 6. Mathilde von Lothringen  Nakomelingen tot dit punt grafisch weergegeven was born circa 1013.

  2. 5.  Rycheza Ezzonen von Lotharingen, Queen of PolandRycheza Ezzonen von Lotharingen, Queen of Poland Nakomelingen tot dit punt grafisch weergegeven (3.Mathilde3, 2.Theophania2, 1.Konstantinos1) was born circa 995 in Lorraine, France; stierf on 21 mrt 1063in Saalfeld an der Saale, Saalfeld-Rudolstadt, Th; was begraven inK.

    Aantekeningen:

    Richeza of Lotharingia (also called Richenza and Rixa; b. ca. 995/1000 - d. Saalfeld, 21 March 1063), was a German noblewoman by birth member of the Ezzonen dynasty and by marriage Queen of Poland. After she returned to Germany after the deposition of her husband in 1031, she became later a nun and today is reverencied as Blessed Richeza of Lotharingia.

    Through her three known children, she became in the direct ancestress of the eastern rulers of the Piast, Rurikid and

    Rycheza getrouwd Mieszko Lambert Piast, Mieszko II, King of Poland. Mieszko (zoon van Boleslaw "Chrobry" Piast, król Polski en Emnilda slowianska) was born in 990 in Pozn; stierf on 10 mei 1034inKrak. [Gezinsblad]

    Kinderen:
    1. 7. Rixa, Magyar kir  Nakomelingen tot dit punt grafisch weergegeven was born on 22 sep 1013 in Krak; stierf on 21 mei 1075inEsztergom, Kom.
    2. 8. Kazimierz (Casimir) "Odnowiciel", Duke of Poland  Nakomelingen tot dit punt grafisch weergegeven was born on 25 jul 1016 in Krak; stierf on 28 nov 1058inPozn.